Modern Classic SLRs Series :
Nikon F5 Series SLR models
Various Exposure Control Modes - Index Page

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Basically, a theoretical good exposure is a simple combination of Shutter Speed, Aperture with the speed of the film type for any given scene you intend to capture. Metering is the exposure guide given by the camera's built-in circuitry that may yield a satisfactory exposure. Both of these areas have been the targets on research & development for all camera's manufacturers in order to aid the photographer to overcome any difficulties in achieving an optimum exposure in any image capture process (Modern SLRs even extend these research into flash photography). We have discussed the capabilities of various metering options at the Nikon F5's Metering section and this section we will touch on the exposure process and what the Nikon F5 can offer.

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As mentioned, with the metering guide for exposure we take a picture. In any mechanical SLR camera, it can be quite straight forward (manipulating between shutter speed + aperture to achieve certain photographic effect) but when it comes to automatic exposure where it usually offers either three evolved main groups of control called Programmed AE, Aperture Priority AE or Shutter Priority AE. But either of these exposure modes also requires to have a few other supplementary control functions in an automatic exposure to fine tune exposure further. So, below, you can see those inked in Red are the main available exposure modes while the functions in Blue are the supplementaries. As the Nikon F5 is a very sophisticated electronic SLR cameras, the enormous amount of camera's features would only takes a LCD display system in order be able to segment all its various controls, so, once the camera has been activated by lightly press the shutter release button, the LCD panels that rest at the top and rear section of the Nikon F5 is the only medium for a photographer to be able to identify and/or verify which control functions you are engaging which means to say, for any modern photographer, like it or don't, just has to learnt to read and identify some universal LCD symbols and icons in order to handle a camera better. The Multiple Exposure Mode coloued coded in Gold detailed below is not directly be able to fine-tune any exposure reading or results except the Nikon F5 permits more than just single exposure onto the same picture frame, so, since this section is entire devoted to discuss exposure capabilities of the Nikon F5, and it is mentioned as a function rather than a setting that be able to affect any exposure result.

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Four basic Exposure Modes are available:

a. Programmed Auto with Flexible Program
b. Shutter-Priority Auto
b. Aperture-Priority Auto
d. Manual Exposure Control
a. AE/AF Lock via AE-L/AF-L button
b. Exposure Compensation: ±5 EV in 1/3 EV increments
b. Auto Exposure Bracketing: 2 or 3 frames selectable. Optional Multi-Control Back MF-28 offers up to 9 frames
d. Multiple Exposure Making several exposures on the same frame is as easy as pressing a button

Setting Each Exposure Mode While pressing MODE button, rotate Main-Command Dial. The exposure mode changes as in the following sequence:

For users of lenses that have no CPU, or accessories such as bellows attachment or extension rings - Use Aperture-Priority Auto or Manual exposure mode. Programmed Auto or Shutter-Priority Auto exposure mode automatically shifts to Aperture-Priority Auto exposure mode with and the blinking exposure mode indicator in the top LCD panel, and "A" appears in the viewfinder.

1) Various Exposure modes


Auto Exposure (AE) Mode Once considered as a amateuristic mode, but gained its popularity when the automation evolution began in the late '70. Today, even many pros has recognized the sheer convenience it provides in their assignments that called for hassle-free shootings.


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Along with the F5's 3D Matrix meter, Programmed Auto operation is ideal for quick operation and is the simplest method for exposure control and used for most common picture-taking situations and combining with Nikon F5's 3D Matrix Metering system, most picture situations can yield optimum results. Naturally, you can also monitor the shutter and/or aperture for quck adjustment of exposure should it requires attention.

Programmed Auto Exposure mode can only be used with lenses with a built-in CPU (i.e., AF-S, AF-I, AF and Ai-P-type Nikkor lenses). For lenses without a CPU, exposure mode is automatically set to Aperture-Priority Auto (A). In Programmed Auto exposure mode, you can use the Flexible Program function to temporarily shift an automatically selected shutter speed/aperture combinations and obtain the desired shutter speed/aperture while retaining the same or a consistent exposure.

Flexible Program lets you temporarily change an automatically set shutter speed/aperture combination in 1/3 EV steps, while maintaining the same or consistent exposure. Flexible Program function can also be used with any Nikon Speedlight. Note that selectable shutter speeds are limited to those below the sync speed of the Speedlight. When performing flash photography, however, you cannot shift to a shutter speed faster than 1/250 sec. (Changeable to 1/300 sec. with Custom Setting.). You can activate Flexible Program by turning the Main-Command Dial until the desired shutter speed or aperture value appears in the viewfinder and in the LCD panel. The Flexible Program indicator (i.e., "*") then appears to indicate that the program has been shifted. The shifted program is maintained as long as the exposure meter stays on. LCD and viewfinder indication in P mode Controlled aperture value and shutter speed are virtually steplessly selected, and indicated in the viewfinder and top deck LCD in 1/3 EV steps. To operate Flexible Programmed AE, Make sure Programmed Auto exposure mode (icon-pSML.gif) is selected, and lightly press the shutter release button. Shutter speed and aperture appear in the top LCD and viewfinder. Rotate Main-Command Dial until desired shutter speed or aperture value appears in the viewfinder and top LCD panel. The Flexible Program indicator (*) appears to indicate the program has been shifted or changed. Note: although it may still be able to take an exposure, but the lense MUST set at its minimum aperture when operating in Programmed Auto.

NOTE: The shifted program is maintained unless you rotate the Main Command Dial to the previous shutter speed/aperture. Flexible Program is canceled when you switch the exposure mode to another mode, pressing buttons simultaneously to activate Two-Button Reset or turn off the power switch.


LCD-Pbar.gif   When using smaller apertures with correspondingly slower shutter speeds, remember that, generally, any speed below 1 (focal length in use) second, requires the use of a tripod to prevent picture blur due to camera shake, The higher the corresponding shutter speed to the aperture you set, the easier it is to stop action. Adjust the selected aperture if the speed is not appropriate for conditions or the specific effect you want

| previous | NEXT | 1/4 Operating the Shutter Priority AE or the Aperture Priority AE Modes

Part I | Part II | Part III | Part IV

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  Special Application lenses:
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Dedicated Lenses for Nikon F3AF: AF 80mm f/2.8 | AF 200mm f/3.5 EDIF
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Others: Noct Nikkor | OP-Nikkor | UV Nikkor 55mm 105mm | Focusing Units | Bellows-Nikkor 105mm 135mm
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Tele-Converters: TC-1 | TC-2 | TC-200 | TC-201 | TC-300 | TC-301 | TC-14 | TC-14A | TC-14B | TC-14C | TC-14E | TC-16 | TC-16A | TC-20E

Recommended links to understand more technical details related to the Nikkor F-mount and production Serial Number: by: my friend, Rick Oleson by: Hansen, Lars Holst

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W A R N I N G: The new G-SERIES Nikkor lenses have removed the conventional aperture ring on the lense barrel, they CANNOT adjust aperture(s) when operating in manual exposure control even with certain earlier MF/AF Nikon SLR camera models. But they are FULLY COMPATIBLE with the Nikon F5 featured here in all usable metering systems and/or exposure modes. Please refer to your local distributor for compatibility issue(s).

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A resource dedicated to my children, Alvin Foo & Esther Foo- one day, BOTH might need to use all these information for his/her Nikon F5A camera.

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Credit: Mr. Chuck Hester, US for his text re-editing skill for this site; Our staff, HowKiat® who created the 3D-Nikon F5 logo. Mr. Lew Chee Wai of YL camera for lending his F5 for me to take some shots appeared in this site. All those nice folks who have contributed their images, in particular Mr. Mike Long, Edwin leong, Palmi Einarsson, Sergio Pessolano, Fred Kamphues, Harry Eggens, Curtis Forrester, Nick (Natures Moments), Sandra Bartocha; fellow countrymen, Vincent Thian, Koh Kho King, Philip Chong, CY Leow etc. and contributions from a few nice folks from Photo Malaysia Forum. Disclaimers & acknowledgments: Certain content and images appeared in this site were either scanned from official marketing leaflets, brochures published by Nikon and/or contribution from surfers who claimed originality of their own work for public publishing in this website, where majority of the extracted information are used basing on educational merits. The creator of this site will not be responsible for any discrepancies that may arise from any possible dispute except rectifying them after verification from respective source. Neither Nikon or its associates has granted any permission(s) in using their public information nor has any interest in the creation of this site. "Nikon", "Nikkormat", "Nippon Kokagu KK" "Silent Wave", "Focus Tracking Lock-on", "Nikkor" & other applicable technical/business terms are registered trade name(s) of Nikon Corporation Inc., Japan. Site made with an Apple G5 IMac.