Nikon's 28mm f/4.0 PC-Nikkor
It took Nikon more than a decade after the debut of the original PC-Nikkor 35mm f/3.5 lense to extend picture angle of this lens type down to a wider 28mm focal length. The PC-Nikkor 28mm f/4.0 was introduced in August, 1975; with a true nature of wideangle characteristic, its 74° makes it a more practical lense than the 62° picture angle offers by the 35mm equivalent.
At the time of its introduction, the PC-Nikkor 35mm has already been updated with a f/2.8 version. Both of these PC-Nikkors incorporating a unique optics shifting feature for image perspective control.
Credit: Image courtesy of Mr Bob Wilkoff <email@example.com> URL: Archaeon, Inc,. Architects. Image Copyright © 2003. All rights reserved. The Company can also be reached at Archaeon®, Inc,. Architects, 7503 MacArthur Blvd. Cabin John, MD 20818
Because of their shifting features, the PC-Nikkors are put to effective use in many photographic applications. The wider view presents in a 28mm is even more effective and often be used for shooting architectural, industrial and commercial photography, in particular shooting in interior because most often, 35mm focal length of this lens type is not wide enough for this purpose. Those involve in the profession of architectural, building planning & management and even interior designers may find this lense a handy companion in their works. Anyway, another possibility is, they are also useful in producing a panoramic picture by joining two exposures made separately with the lens shifted in opposite directions.
Normally, when photographing a tall structure like a building, the camera may have to be tilted to include the upper portion. Especially when working at close range, this causes the vertical lines of the building to appear to converge, as if the building were leaning or falling back. With the PC-Nikkors, the photographer can slide the optics as much as 11 mm off the axis to include the upper portion of the building, while keeping the film plane parallel to the wall surface to eliminate unwanted convergence of parallel lines. The 360° rotating mount makes it possible to apply the shift in any direction: horizontally, vertically or diagonally. The shifting effect can be observed in the viewfinder for precise composition.
And when perspective control is not required, the PC-Nikkors can be used in the standard position as excellent wideangle lenses. The unique perspective-control feature of PC-Nikkor has proven invaluable in a wide variety of fields. Since the optics in these lenses shift, the diaphragms are the manual preset type. Unlike the 35mm counterpart, this lense only stopped down to a minimum aperture of f/22, perhaps, Nikon might think with its 28mm focal length, extended depth of field nature of a wider wideangle compensates such needs. Another area is, even if you open up to a maximum aperture of f/4.0, the viewfinder image projects with any applicable Nikon SLR bodies is not particularly bright; I am not sure some of the selective screens such as all microprism screen will help to improve level of comfort in focusing/viewing/composition.
Credit: Image courtesy of Mr Allen Carpenter <firstname.lastname@example.org>. Image Copyright © 2003. All rights reserved. Please respect the visual property of the contributing photographer.
Weighing at 410g, this PC lense has excellent built quality with well illustrated scales on depth of field indications imprinted. The four coloured scales are corresponding to the apertures printed at the outer rim near the filter thread. Blue=f/22, yellow=f/16, green=f/8.0, magenta=f/4.0 minimum aperture while the rest (f/5.6 and f/11) are in white. The tri-rings design found in the earlier PC 35mm f/3.5 and f/2.8 lenses have been replaced with dual rings with an additional stopped down button mid between the focusing ring and aperture ring. The focusing grip of the lense was also using a double rows rubberized rectangular shape grip design which is easier to handle than previous PC-Nikkors. The rear section of this lense has an unusual large opening which may require extra care when changing lenses to avoid foreign particles penetrates in.
Credit: Image courtesy of Mr Bob Wilkoff <email@example.com> URL: Archaeon, Inc,. Architects. Image Copyright © 2003. All rights reserved. Please respect the visual property of the contributing photographer.
Early version of this 28mm PC lense may has a slight different in the type of the rubberized focusing grip where the later ones used a textured grip with slightly taller grip design for improved handling. Other issues which may relate to operation is the choice of a proper screen type to facilitate easier lens handling and shooting. As a general guideline, Type E focusing screen is the most convenient screen to use with Nikon bodies such as Nikon F2 bodies and/or the F3 Nikons because its horizontal and vertical line pattern helps in composing the subject accurately. Literally, there are many other screen types and/or finders in those professional class Nikon SLRs which also might fit individual needs. As for the midrange Nikon bodies such as the FM Series* / FE bodies (except Nikon FE-10) which do not offers interchangeable finders, they do provides interchangeable screens such as Type B and E. The standard Type K screen can be quite difficult to handle especially if you intend to make use of the microprism split rangefinder to focus because it may darken halfway which makes precise focusing very difficult. * Within the series, only FM2, FM2n and Nikon FM3A or other equivalent variants have provision for an interchangeable screen feature. This lense was discontinued in 1983 when Nikon re-designed a faster version with maximum aperture of f/3.5 for this PC-28mm Nikkor lense. Relative: Olympus ZUIKO SHIFT 24mm f/3.5.
Focal length: 28m
Maximum aperture: 1:4.0; Lens construction: 10 elements in 8 groups
Picture angle: 74° at infinity; Distance scale: Graduated both in meters and feet up to 0.3m and 1 ft to infinity (OO)
Credit: Images courtesy of Mr Allen Carpenter <firstname.lastname@example.org>. Image Copyright © 2003. All rights reserved.
Aperture scale: f/4.0 - f/22; Aperture diaphragm: Manual Preset
Exposure Measurement: Stopped Down Metering
Attachment size:72mm (P=0.75)
Depth of field reference markings: Blue=f/22, yellow=f/16, green=f/8.0, magenta=f/4.0 minimum aperture while the rest (f/5.6 and f/11) are in white. Infrared index is provided.
Hood: HN-9; Lens cap: Metal 72mm screw-in type (see picture below)
Filter: 72mm screw-in; Dimensions: 78mm dia. x 68mm length (3-1/16 in. x 2-5/8 in.)
Weight: 410g (14.5oz); Accessories: CL34A Case; Note: Serial number(s) for this version may have been started with 174041. Source: Nikon Hand Book.
| NEXT | The next update - PC-Nikkor 28mm f/3.5
| Main Index Page | Nikon PC-Nikkor lenses
PC-Nikkor at 28mm:
PC-Nikkor 28mm f/4.0 | PC-Nikkor 28mm f/3.5
PC-Nikkor at 35mm:
PC-Nikkor 35mm f/3.5 | PC-Nikkor 35mm f/2.8
PC-Nikkor at other focal length: PC-Micro-Nikkor 85mm f/2.8D
| Relative: Various Nikkor wideangles at 28mm & 35mm focal length |
Credit: Image courtesy of Mr Bob Wilkoff (lens cap) & Mr Allen Carpenter (far left) . Images Copyright © 2003. All rights reserved.
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Recommended links to understand more technical details related to the Nikkor F-mount and production Serial Number:
http://rick_oleson.tripod.com/index-153.html by: my friend, Rick Oleson
http://www.zi.ku.dk/personal/lhhansen/photo/fmount.htm by: Hansen, Lars Holst
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Credit: MCLau®, who has helped to rewrite some of the content appeared this site. Chuck Hester® who has been helping me all along with the development of all these Nikon websites; Lars Holst Hansen, 'Hawkeye' who shares the same passion I have; Ms Rissa, Sales manager from Nikon Corporation Malaysia for granting permission to use some of the official content; Ted Wengelaar, Holland who has helped to provide many useful input relating to older Nikkor lenses; Some of the references on production serial numbers used in this site were extracted from Roland Vink's website; Hiura Shinsaku from Nikomat Club Japan. Lastly, to all the good people who has contributed their own expeience, resources or kind enough granted permission to use their images of their respective optic in this site. It is also a site to remember a long lost friend on the Net. Note:certain content and images appeared in this site were either scanned from official marketing leaflets & brochures published by Nikon and/or contribution from surfers who claimed originality of their work for educational purposes. The creator of the site will not be responsible for may discrepancies arise from such dispute except rectifying them after verification. "Nikon", "Nikkormat", "Nippon Kokagu KK" & "Nikkor" are registered tradename of Nikon Corporation Inc., Japan. Site made with an Apple IMac.