Modern Classic SLRs Series :
Additional information relating to Nikon SB800 AF-TTL Speedlight - Part II

 
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Turn the mounting foot lock lever securely until it stops. To lock the Speedlight in place when slot the flash to the camera's accessory shoe, turn the lock lever approx. 90° clockwise until it stops. To unlock, turn the lever counterclockwise until it stops.

Adjust the flash head. Warning indication: If the flash head is not adjusted to the horizontal/front position, when the power is turned on, this warning appears on the LCD panel.
warnA.gif warnB.gif
A dotted line below the under bar appears when the flash head is tilted down -7°. The flash shooting distance range disappears if the flash head is adjusted to other than the horizontal/front or down -7° position.

ISO sensitivity: As flash shooting distance range on the SB-800ís LCD panel varies, depending on the ISO sensitivity. Therefore, be sure to set the ISO sensitivity correctly. For cameras compatible with CLS, digital SLRs not compatible with CLS and cameras in Groups I to II, the ISO sensitivity is automatically set and appears on the LCD panel when the camera and SB-800 are turned ON. The SB-800ís maximum ISO sensitivity range usable in the TTL auto flash mode is ISO 25 to 1000.

Setting the ISO sensitivity for cameras in Groups III to VII (New FM2 (FM2n), FM10, FE10, F3-Series, F/N55-Series) -601/N6006, F-601M/N6000 - For cameras in Groups III to VII, set the ISO sensitivity in the Custom settings mode.

1 Turn the SB-800 off once, then turn it back on. After that, turn on the camera body. 2 Press the iconSEL.gif button for approx. 2 sec. to display the Custom settings mode. 3 Press the /iconminus.gif button and iconWIDE.gif or iconTELE.gif button to select ìISOî, then press the iconSEL.gif button. 4 Press the /iconminus.gif button to highlight the preferred ISO sensitivity.
ISOa.gif ISOb.gif ISOc.gif ISOd.gif

The power zoom function When the SB-800 is used with cameras compatible with CLS, digital SLRs not compatible with CLS and cameras in Groups I to II in combination with a CPU lens, the power zoom function activates and the zoom head is automatically adjusted. The guide number indicating flash output level varies according to the zoom-head position. The zoom-head position is automatically adjusted within the range of 24mm, 28mm, 35mm to 105mm in increments of 5mm between 35mm and 105mm when the power zoom function is activated.

When the lens focal length is not one of those indicated above, the zoom head adjusts to the closest wideangle setting of the lens in use. For example, if the zoom setting of a CPU lens is between 36mm and 39mm, the zoom-head position is adjusted to 35mm. If a small M does not appear above the ìZOOMî indication on the LCD panel, the zoom head position will be automatically adjusted. If a small M appears, press the iconWIDE.gif or iconTELE.gif button several times until it disappears.

Setting the zoom-head position manually When the SB-800 is used with cameras in Groups III to VII in combination with a non-CPU lens, or you want to change the zoom-head position to one that does not match the focal length, you should adjust the zoom-head position manually. Press the iconWIDE.gif button to move toward iconTELE.gif wideangle setting and to move toward a telephoto setting. A small M above the ìZOOMî indication appears on the LCD panel while manually setting the zoom-head position. When the camera/lens combination is compatible with the power zoom function, the zoom-head position changes as follows, when a 35mm lens is attached: M24mm icondualarrow.gif M28mm icondualarrow.gif 35mm icondualarrow.gif M50mm icondualarrow.gif M70mm icondualarrow.gif M85mm icondualarrow.gif M105mm. Generally, set the zoom-head position to the focal length of the lens in use or to the closest wideangle setting. For example, select the 50mm setting when using a 60mm lens. Note: The power zoom function can be canceled in the Custom settings mode When the power zoom function is canceled, the zoom-head can be manually adjusted, but the zoom-head position indicator does not change even if the lens is zoomed, a lens is changed, or the button is pressed. When the power zoom function is canceled, a small appears on the LCD panel. Press the mode button to move toward a wideangle setting and the iconWIDE.gif button to move toward a telephoto setting. The zoom-head position changes as follows: 24mm icondualarrow.gif 28mm icondualarrow.gif 35mm icondualarrow.gif 50mm icondualarrow.gif 70mm icondualarrow.gif 85mm icondualarrow.gif 105mm

Built-in wide-flash adapter/Nikon Diffusion Dome Use the built-in wide-flash adapter when a 14mm to 23mm lens is mounted. The power zoom function becomes inactive when using the wide-flash adapter. Press the iconWIDE.gif or iconTELE.gif button to adjust the zoom-head position to 14mm or 17mm. The zoom-head position is automatically set at 14mm when the Nikon Diffusion Dome is attached. To adjust the zoom-head position automatically using the power zoom function while using the built-in wide-flash adapter or Nikon Diffusion Dome, go to the Custom settings ìPower zoom function using the built-in wide-flash adapter/Nikon Diffusion Domeî. Generally, when using a 14mm or 17mm lens, the distance between the camera and subject differs much from the center of the frame to the periphery, so the peripheral area might not be sufficiently lit in some cases. The same is true when using the Nikon Diffusion Dome.

SB-800ís available flash modes The SB-800ís available flash modes vary, depending on the cameras and lenses in use or the cameraís exposure mode. Using the TTL auto flash mode is recommended for normal flash photography.

TTL auto flash mode
i-TTL
mode:icon-TTL.gif iconBL.gif / icon-TTL.gif
Cameras compatible with CLS
D-TTL mode::icon-TTL.gif iconBL.gif / icon-TTL.gif: Digital SLRs not compatible with CLS
TTL (film based) mode: :icon-TTL.gif iconBL.gif / icon-TTL.gif Cameras in Groups I to VI (No iconBL.gif appears with cameras in Groups III and IV while performing Balanced Fill-Flash)

Non-TTL auto flash mode
Auto Aperture flash iconAA.gif: Cameras compatible with CLS, Digital SLRs not compatible with CLS, Cameras in Groups I to II.
Non-TTL auto flash iconA.gif: No limitation

Manual mode
Distance-priority manual flash
iconGN.gif:
No limitation
Manual flash icon-M.gif:
No limitation
Repeating flash iconRPT.gif:
No limitation
tableG.gif
TTL auto flash modes available with the SB-800 The available types of TTL auto flash vary, depending on the camera/lens/exposure mode/metering system in use. The following tables show the SB-800ís TTL mode indicators and the corresponding ones used in the current Speedlight manuals when the flash unit is used with various cameras not compatible with CLS.

Cameras compatible with the TTL/D-TTL auto flash mode

Monitor Preflashes The SB-800 fires a series of imperceptible Monitor Preflashes just before the flash fires to obtain information on the subject in these cases: (1) when the SB-800 is used with cameras compatible with CLS, digital SLRs not compatible with CLS, and cameras in Group I with a CPU lens, and the flash mode is set to TTL auto flash, and (2) when the SB-800 is used with cameras compatible with CLS with a CPU lens, and the flash mode is set to Auto Aperture flash. Monitor Preflashes are fired instantaneously and cannot be differentiated from the main flash, but icon2flashsml.gif appears on the LCD panel (using a single flash unit). However, for cameras in Group I, Monitor Preflashes are not fired when the SB-800ís flash head is adjusted to other than the horizontal/front or down to -7° position, or the cameraís flash sync mode is set to Rear-curtain sync, even when icon2flashsml.gif appears on the LCD panel.

Setting and Selecting the SB-800ís flash mode 1 Press the button to set the flash mode. ï Display icon-TTL.gif iconBL.gif on the LCD panel. 2 Confirm that the main subject is within the flash shooting distance range.

Every time you press the button, the available flash mode icon changes. * Note that the usable flash modes only appear and vary, and the unavailable flash modes will be skipped and do not appear, when pressing the button. * The SB-800ís available flash modes vary, depending on the cameras and lenses in use or the cameraís exposure mode and metering system


tableE - Shooting range.gif
The SB800's flash working / distance range The SB-800ís flash shooting distance range is 0.6m to 20m (2 to 66 ft.) and varies, depending on the ISO sensitivity, zoom-head position, and lens aperture in use.

Flash shooting distance range in the TTL auto flash mode

*1 With the Nikon Diffusion Dome attached and the wide-flash adapter in place
*2 With the Nikon Diffusion Dome attached
*3 With the wide-flash adapter in place
*4 TTL auto flash operation is not possible at this ISO sensitivity. For ISO 1000, use an aperture 2/3 of an f/stop smaller than the aperture for ISO 1600, or 1/3 larger than the aperture for ISO 800.
*5 Programmed TTL Auto Flash with the F-501/N2020, F-401s/N4040s, F-401/N4004, and F-301/N2000. (ISO 25 to ISO 400 for the F-401s/N4004s and F-401/N4004)

syncmodeA.gif
Confirm & Set the cameraís flash sync mode to Front-curtain sync before you shoot. With cameras featuring a Rear-curtain sync flash mode, make sure the cameraís flash sync mode is set to Front-curtain sync. Note: For other flash sync modes, refer to ìSlow-sync flash, ìRed-Eye reduction with slow-sync flash modeîor ìRear-curtain syncî. Always refer to the cameraís instruction manual for details on the availability of working flash sync mode of that camera model.

If the ready-light blinks after shooting, the light might be insufficient for correct exposure. In the TTL auto and Non-TTL auto flash modes, when the flash has fired at its maximum output and underexposure may have occurred, the ready-lights on the SB-800 and in the cameraís viewfinder blink for approx. 3 sec. Depending on the camera in use, the ready-light on the SB-800 or in the cameraís viewfinder lights up. To compensate, use a wider aperture or move closer to the subject and reshoot.

syncmodeB.gif
Display of the amount of underexposure For cameras compatible with CLS, digital SLRs not compatible with CLS and cameras in Group I in the TTL auto flash mode, the amount of underexposure (0 to -3.0 EV) appears for approx. 3 sec on the SB-800ís LCD panel; at the same time the above ready-lights blink. Pressing the and SEL buttons simultaneously recalls this display.

TTL auto flash mode: In this mode, the flash illumination that is reflected back from the subject is detected by the cameraís TTL auto flash sensor and the camera automatically controls the flash output level to give the correct exposure.

iconTTL.gif iconBL.gif Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash: Press the button to display TTL/BL on the LCD panel, and Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash is performed. The flash output level is automatically adjusted for a well-balanced exposure of the main subject and background. (While performing Balanced Fill-Flash, no iconBL.gif appears with cameras in Groups III and IV.) Note: iconTTL.gif iconBL.gif indicates ìi-TTL Automatic Balanced Fill-Flashî in the i-TTL mode.

iconTTL.gif Standard TTL flash: Press the button to display iconTTL.gif on the LCD panel, and Standard TTL flash is performed. The main subject is correctly exposed regardless of the background brightness. This is useful when you want to highlight the main subject. Note: iconTTL.gif indicates ìStandard i-TTL flashî in the i-TTL mode, ìStandard TTL flash for Digital SLRsî in the D-TTL mode, and ìStandard TTL flashî in the TTL (film-based) mode.

Flash shooting in the 1/300 TTL High-Speed Flash sync mode (Nikon F5 only and/or other applicable Nikon bodies in the future) The farthest flash shooting distance cannot be read on the SB-800ís LCD panel. In this case, use the guide number table and equation for calculating this distance, according to each zoom-head position.

Non-TTL auto flash mode

iconAA.gif Auto Aperture flash The SB-800ís built-in sensor measures the flash illumination reflected from the subject and controls the flash output in combination with data automatically transmitted from the camera and lens to the SB-800, including the ISO sensitivity value and exposure compensation value as well as the aperture and focal length of the lens. Note: Auto Aperture flash is available with cameras compatible with CLS, digital SLRs not compatible with CLS, and cameras in Groups I and II when used with a CPU lens. Auto Aperture flash is automatically set (default setting) for the above camera/lens combinations. To cancel Auto Aperture flash and set to Non-TTL auto flash, use Custom settings.

Operation: Set the cameraís exposure mode to Programmed Auto (P) or Aperture-Priority Auto (A). 2 Lock the CPU lens aperture at its minimum. Not necessary with a G-type lens. 3 Press the button to display iconAA.gif on the LCD panel.

AA1.gif AA2.gif AA3.gif AA4.gif AA5.gif

4 While looking at the flash shooting distance range on the SB-800ís LCD panel, set the aperture on the camera when the cameraís exposure mode is set to ìAî. Note: Making exposure compensation on the SB-800 is also possible. 5 Compose the picture, confirm that the ready-light is on, then shoot. Note: When the flash has fired at its maximum output and underexposure may have occurred, the ready-light on the SB-800 blinks for approx. 3 sec. To compensate, use a wider aperture or move closer to the subject and reshoot.

tableBaa.gif
Setting the aperture in Auto Aperture flash iconAA.gif operation Set the aperture on the camera or lens within the available range as shown in
the table:


Usable flash shooting distance ranges in Auto Aperture flash operation

*1 With the Nikon Diffusion Dome attached and the wide-flash adapter in place
*2 With the Nikon Diffusion Dome attached
*3 With the wide-flash adapter in place

Non-TTL auto flash mode The SB-800ís built-in sensor measures the flash illumination reflected from the subject, automatically controlling the SB-800ís light output to give the correct exposure. This allows you to make exposure compensation easily by varying the aperture set on the camera or lens. * There is No limitation on usable cameras in this flash mode ** Auto Aperture flash iconAA.gif is automatically set (default setting) when a CPU lens is mounted on cameras compatible with CLS, digital SLRs not compatible with CLS, and cameras in Groups I and II. To cancel Auto Aperture flash and set to Non-TTL auto flash, use Custom settings.

Operation: Set the cameraís exposure mode to Aperture-Priority Auto (A) or Manual (M). 2 Press the button to display iconA.gif on the LCD panel. 3 Press the icon-plus.gif or icon-minus.gif button to change the aperture, bringing the subject within the flash shooting distance range. 4 Set the aperture that appears on the SB-800ís LCD panel on the lens or camera. 5 Set the camera to its highest flash sync shutter speed. 6 Compose the picture, make sure the ready-light is on, then shoot. Note: When the flash has fired at its maximum output and underexposure may have occurred, the ready-light on the SB-800 blinks for approx. 3 sec. To compensate, use a wider aperture or move closer to the subject and reshoot.

tableC.gif
Setting the aperture in Non-TTL auto iconA.gif flash operation Set the aperture within the available range as shown in the table:-


Usable flash shooting distance ranges in Non-TTL auto flash operation


*1 With the Nikon Diffusion Dome attached and the wide-flash adapter in place
*2 With the Nikon Diffusion Dome attached
*3 With the wide-flash adapter in place

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Relative:
Nikon AF-TTL Speedlight Models:
Nikon SB-800 | Nikon SB-600 | Nikon SB-30 | Nikon SB-29(s) (2000) | Nikon SB-28 (1997) | Nikon SB-27 (1997) | Nikon SB-26 (1994) | Nikon SB-25 (1992) | Nikon SB-24 (1988) | SB-23 | SB-22 (1987) | SB-20 (1986)
Nikon AF-TTL Speedlight DX-Series:
Nikon SB-28DX (1999)| SB-50DX (2001) | SB-80DX (2002)
Additional information on various
Nikon MF Bulb Flash - Nikon MF-Speedlights SB-1 ~ SB-21A/B

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