Modern Classic SLRs Series :
Nikon SB-28 AF-TTL Speedlight
Instruction Manual - Index Page

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The SB-28 was
Introduced in 1997 to replaced the earlier Nikon SB-26 (officially discontinued in 1999) where it was replaced with the digital-ready Nikon SB-28DX AF-TTL Speedlight. This flash has a sleek new styling and simple push-button operation. When used with applicable Nikon SLR camera, the SB-28ís extensive capabilities can range from 3D Multi- Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash to full manual operation. Nikon SLR cameras can be divided into seven groups (I to VII) unless otherwise noted. First consult the camera group table to see which group your camera belongs to. Then as you read on, you will find specific information on how to use the SB-28 with your particular camera.


MORE INFO: - Refer to the
Nikon F4 site for an introduction for this Nikon Speedlight.

Credit: Image courtesy of Laura Kornylak ® <> from shutterblade*com where the Company has a website on its own. Image copyright © 2003. All rights reserved. Please respect the visual property of the contributing photographer.

So, it is wise to pre-determine which group your camera belongs to first: -

Camera Group








Camera /Flash operation

F5, F100, F90X / N90s*1, F90-Series/ N901 F80-Series/N80 -Series* 1,2,3, F70-Series/ N70*1,2

F4-Series, F65-Series/ N65-Series* 1,3, F-801s/ N8008s*1, F-801/ N8808*1 Pronea 600i/ 6 *1,3

F-601/ N6006*1
F-601M/ N6000


F-501/ N2020*4 F-401s/ N4004s*1 F-401/ N4004*1 F-301/ N2000*4

FM3A, FA, FE2, FG, Nikonos V* 5

F3-Series*6, New FM2, FM10, FE10 (applicable to Nikon F and Nikon F2 series -via adapters)


3D Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash*7              
Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash *7            
Matrix Balanced Fill-Flash          
Center-Weighted / Fill-Flash / Spot Fill-Flash        
Programmed TTL Auto Flash              
Standard TTL Flash        


Non-TTL Auto Flash  


Manual Flash  
FP High-Speed Flash Sync              
Repeating Flash  
*1.Sold exclusively in the USA.
*2 F80-Series/N80-Series, F70-Series/N70 cannot perform FP High-Speed Flash Sync.
*3 Center-Weighted Fill-Flash is not possible.
*4 Sold exclusively in the USA and Canada.
*5 An optional sync cord for land use is required.
  *6 Optional flash Unit coupler AS-4 or AS-7 is required. With AS-17, Standard
TTL flash (p. 40-41) is possible, but not Repeating flash.
*7 3D Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash and Multi-Sensor r
Balanced Fill-Flash are generally referred to as Automatic
Balanced Fill-Flash with TTL Multi Sensor.
* For cameras such as the Nikon F or Nikon F2, refer to Group VII. TTL Auto Flash mode cannot be performed with cameras in this group. If flash is fired with the indicator appeared on the LCD panel, the flash fires at full output.

Specifications for Nikon SB-28 AF-TTL Speedlight

Electronic construction
: Automatic Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT) and series circuitry

Also see:

Nikon SB-28DX AF-TTL Speedlight - Instruction Manual

Using SB-28 in Dim light. illuminator: Press the button to turn the illuminator on. Press the button again to turn it off. The illuminator turns off automatically after approx. 16 sec. when the SB-28 is not in use.

Automatic Balanced
Fill-Flash with TTL Multi-Sensor
Manual Flash
<<<--- Flash Mode Indicators appear on REAR LCD of SB-28 Speedlight
Matrix Balanced Fill-Flash,
Center-Weighted/Spot Fill-Flash
FP High-Speed
Flash sync
Non-TTL Auto Flash
Standard TTL Flash Repeating Flash
SB28panelA.gif SB28panelB.gif
By pressing a single button, you can activate frequently used functions. When two buttons are pressed simultaneously, you can activate functions which are not necessary to set each time. For easy reference, refer to the chart on the back of the built-in bounce card.
One-button operations

To adjust the zoom-head position
SB28LCDrearB.gifTo set the flash mode
SB28LCDrearC.gifTo select and set various functions and values
SB28LCDrearD.gif To increase values
SB28LCDrearE.gif To decrease values
SB28LCDrearF.gif To test fire the flash
To illuminate the LCD panel
SB28LCDrearG.gif To turn power on and off
Two-button operations

To set or cancel automatic zoom-head adjustment (Buttons must be pressed for 2 sec.)
SB28LCDrearJ.gif To readjust the zoom-head position, if built-in wide flash adapter is broken off accidentally
SB28LCDrearK.gif To turn the AF assist illuminator LED on or off
SB28LCDrearL.gif To cancel or set the standby function (Buttons must be pushed after the flash is turned off.)
SB28LCDrearM.gif To select the distance scale (meters or feet) (Buttons must be pushed after the flash is turned off.)

Tips on using this manual Before taking important flash photographs, take some test shots to ascertain the SB-28 is working as desired in the mode(s) you have selected.
Use only Nikon-approved equipment. The SB-28 is designed for use with Nikon cameras, lenses, and accessories.
Note: Nikon warns using cameras or accessories other than those specified by Nikon may damage the SB-28. Nikon cannot be held responsible for malfunctions caused by using the SB-28 in ways not specified in this manual, or using the SB-28 with a camera made by another manufacturer.

Determine what type of Nikkor lenses you are using. Nikkor lenses are divided into two groups unless otherwise noted.
* CPU (Central Processing Unit) acts as an onboard computer.
** IX Nikkor lenses are designed for use with the Nikon Advanced Photo System (IX240) format SLR camera body only and cannot be used with 35mm SLR cameras.
***Except AF Nikkor lenses for the F3AF


Foreword ·············
Camera groups and available flash modes ····
Speedlight parts ·············
LCD panel indications ·········
Tips on using this manual ········
Using control buttons
Getting started ·············
Loading batteries ···············
Adjusting the flash head / Selecting the distance scale ···········
Attaching the SB-28 to the camera ·····················
Turning the SB-28
on and off / Standby function ················
The ready-light ····························
Test firing ·······················
Setting the
ISO film speed ·····························
Adjusting the zoom-head position ···················
Setting the
built-in wide flash adapter ···············
Selecting a flash mode ·····························
Basic operation ·······················
TTL Flash modes ·························
TTL Auto Flash Mode (
For cameras in Group I)··········
TTL Auto Flash Mode (
For cameras in Group II) ············
TTL Auto Flash mode (
For cameras in Group III)··············
TTL Auto Flash mode (
For cameras in Group IV) ··········
TTL Auto Flash mode (
For cameras in Group V) ··············
TTL Auto Flash mode (For
cameras in Group VI) ··············
Non-TTL Auto Flash ·Mode (For cameras in all groups)

Advanced operation················

Manual Flash Mode (For cameras in all groups) ·········
Repeating Flash Mode ················
Guide Numbers for determining correct aperture
Bounce flash operation ················
Close-up flash operation in TTL Auto Flash Mode ··
Multiple flash operation ······
Exposure compensation in flash photography
(For cameras in all groups) ··············
Red-Eye reduction control (For cameras in Group I [except F5] and Pronea 600i/6i) ···········
Rear-curtain flash sync ···················
Additional information ···············
Checking the correct exposure (For cameras in all groups) ·······
Autofocus flash
operation in dim light (For AF cameras only) ·······
accessories ·················
Tips on
Speedlight care ············
Notes on
batteries ····················
Troubleshooting ······················
Specifications ····················

| previous | NEXT | 1/6 - Setting up the Flash unit for operations

Part One | Part Two | Part Three | Part Four | Part Five | Part Six

| Back | Index Page The Nikon F5 SB-28 Instruction manual
| Back | Index Page The Nikon F5 SB-28DX Instruction manual

Nikon AF-TTL Speedlight Models:
Nikon SB-800 | Nikon SB-600 | Nikon SB-30 | Nikon SB-29(s) (2000) | Nikon SB-28 (1997) | Nikon SB-27 (1997) | Nikon SB-26 (1994) | Nikon SB-25 (1992) | Nikon SB-24 (1988) | SB-23 | SB-22 (1987) | SB-20 (1986)
Nikon AF-TTL Speedlight DX-Series:
Nikon SB-28DX (1999)| SB-50DX (2001) | SB-80DX (2002)
Additional information on various
Nikon MF Bulb Flash - Nikon MF-Speedlights SB-1 ~ SB-21A/B

NikonSB28chart.gif (25k) Gif Loading slowly now ....
Nikon SB-28 Flash / speedlight compatibility chart with various Nikon cameras.

Source: Nikon Europe

| Back | Main Index Page - Nikon F5 Professional SLR camera

The Camera - Background, Issues & Summary

Basic Features | Focusing | Metering Systems | Exposure Control | Reliability Issues | Nikkor lens Compatibility

/Finders -
Index page - 2 parts
Film Backs:
Index Page - 1 parts
Focusing Screens -
Index Page - 1 part
Flash System -
Index Page - 3 parts
System Accessories: |
Power Sources | Cases | Remote Control | Miscellaneous

Macro Photography - Related info on Micro-Nikkor lenses

Specification for Nikon F5
Main Reference Map / Nomenclature

Resource Centre
: Instruction Manuals
Nikon F5 Camera Body - 18 parts
MF-28 Multi-Function Back HTML - 8 parts
PC Links - Photo Secretary - 2 parts
AF-TTL Speedlights: SB-28 / SB28DX | SB29(s) info | SB30 | SB50DX | SB80DX | SB600 info | SB800

F5 50th Anniversary Model | Nikon/Kodak DCS-620 | DCS-720 Digital Still SLR camera | NASA-modified Nikon F5

| Back | Index Page of Digital Nikon SLR cameras
| Back | to Pictorial History of Nikon SLR / rangefinders / Nikonos / digital cameras.

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The Eyes of Nikon:-

Nikon Auto Focus Nikkor lenses:- Main Index Page
Nikon Manual Focus Nikkor lenses:- Fisheye-Nikkor Lenses - Circular | Full Frame | Ultrawides Lenses - 13mm15mm18mm20mm | Wideangle Lenses - 24mm28mm35mm | Standard Lenses - 45mm 50mm 58mm | Telephoto Lenses - 85mm105mm135mm180mm & 200mm | Super-Telephoto Lenses - 300mm 400mm 500mm 600mm 800mm 1200mm |

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Index Page
  Special Application lenses:
Micro-Nikkor Lenses - 50mm~55mm -60mm 85mm -105mm 200mm Micro-Zoom 70-180mm
Perspective Control (PC) - 28mm 35mm PC-Micro 85mm
Dedicated Lenses for Nikon F3AF: AF 80mm f/2.8 | AF 200mm f/3.5 EDIF
Depth of Field Control (DC): 105mm 135mm
Medical Nikkor: 120mm 200mm
Reflex-Nikkor Lenses - 500mm 1000mm 2000mm
Others: Noct Nikkor | OP-Nikkor | UV Nikkor 55mm 105mm | Focusing Units | Bellows-Nikkor 105mm 135mm
Nikon Series E Lenses: 28mm35mm50mm100mm135mm | E-Series Zoom lenses: 36~72mm75~150mm70~210mm

MF Zoom-Nikkor Lenses: 25~50mm | 28~45mm | 28~50mm | 28~85mm | 35~70mm | 36~72mm E | 35~85mm | 35~105mm | 35~135mm | 35~200mm | 43~86mm | 50~135mm | 50~300mm | 70~210mm E | 75~150mm E | 80~200mm | 85~250mm | 100~300mm | 180~600mm | 200~400mm | 200~600mm | 360~1200mm | 1200~1700mm

Tele-Converters: TC-1 | TC-2 | TC-200 | TC-201 | TC-300 | TC-301 | TC-14 | TC-14A | TC-14B | TC-14C | TC-14E | TC-16 | TC-16A | TC-20E

Recommended links to understand more technical details related to the Nikkor F-mount and production Serial Number: by: my friend, Rick Oleson by: Hansen, Lars Holst

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| Message Board | for Nikon F5 Series SLR model(s) |

Message Board | for your Nikon Optics in a shared environment
| Message Board | Specifically for Dispose or Looking for Nikon/Nikkor Photographic Equipment

W A R N I N G: The new G-SERIES Nikkor lenses have removed the conventional aperture ring on the lense barrel, they CANNOT adjust aperture(s) when operating in manual exposure control even with certain earlier MF/AF Nikon SLR camera models. But they are FULLY COMPATIBLE with the Nikon F5 featured here in all usable metering systems and/or exposure modes. Please refer to your local distributor for compatibility issue(s).

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A resource dedicated to my kids, Alvin Foo & Esther Foo- one day, BOTH might need to use all these information for his/her Nikon F5A camera.

Volunteered Maintainer(s) for the Nikon F5 Message Board: Tony Davies-Patrick, UK; Rick Oleson, US; Koh Kho King, Malaysia.

Credit: Mr. Chuck Hester, US for his text re-editing skill for this site; Our staff, HowKiat® who created the 3D-Nikon F5 logo. Mr. Lew Chee Wai of YL camera for lending his F5 for me to take some shots appeared in this site. All those nice folks who have contributed their images, in particular Mr. Mike Long, Edwin leong, Palmi Einarsson, Sergio Pessolano, Fred Kamphues, Harry Eggens, Curtis Forrester, Nick (Natures Moments), Sandra Bartocha; fellow countrymen, Vincent Thian, Koh Kho King, Philip Chong, CY Leow etc. and contributions from a few nice folks from Photo Malaysia Forum. Disclaimers & acknowledgments: Certain content and images appeared in this site were either scanned from official marketing leaflets, brochures published by Nikon and/or contribution from surfers who claimed originality of their own work for public publishing in this website, where majority of the extracted information are used basing on educational merits. The creator of this site will not be responsible for any discrepancies that may arise from any possible dispute except rectifying them after verification from respective source. Neither Nikon or its associates has granted any permission(s) in using their public information nor has any interest in the creation of this site. "Nikon", "Nikkormat", "Nippon Kokagu KK" "Silent Wave", "Focus Tracking Lock-on", "Nikkor" & other applicable technical/business terms are registered trade name(s) of Nikon Corporation Inc., Japan. Site made with an Apple G5 IMac.