Modern Classic SLRs Series :
Flash Photography - Nikon SB-28DX - Part I/II

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Taking flash photographs in the Auto Aperture (AA) mode for Digital SLR and Kodak DCS600 Series cameras In this mode, the correct exposure for both subject and background is automatically obtained. The SB-28DXs built-in sensor controls the flash output in combination with data transmitted from the camera and lens to the SB-28DX, including the ISO sensitivity level, aperture, focal length, and exposure compensation value. Note: AA (Auto Aperture) mode only works when using the Digital SLR or DCS600 Series cameras when Nikkor lenses with a built-in CPU (except IX Nikkor lenses and AF Nikkor lenses for the F3AF) are mounted. The AA mode is automatically switched to Non-TTL Auto Flash A mode when Nikkor lenses without a built-in CPU are mounted.

Camera settings

1. Set the ISO sensitivity level.
2.Set the exposure mode to A (Aperture-priority) or P (Programmed auto). When using the M (Manual) or S (Shutter-priority auto) exposure mode, make sure the aperture is within the range.
3. Set the aperture. In A (Aperture-priority auto) exposure mode: Set the lens aperture to its minimum. Then set the aperture on the camera. Refer to Table 2: Usable aperture/flash shooting distance ranges in AA (Auto Aperture) and A (non-TTL Auto Flash) modes. In P (Programmed auto) exposure mode: Set the lens aperture to its minimum.
Note: In either exposure mode, if the aperture is out of the range, the aperture value, exposure compensation indicator and exposure compensation value on the LCD panel blink and the flash shooting distance range indictor bars disappear to warn you. In this case, adjust the aperture and shooting distance by referring to Table 2.

SB-28DX settings:

4. Select the flash mode. Press the icon-mode.gif button until SB28iconA.gif·appears on the LCD panel in either AA (Auto Aperture) or A (non-TTL auto) mode. In AA mode, the exposure compensation indicator and exposure compensation value appear on the LCD panel simultaneously. Note: When the flash unit is mounted on the Kodak DCS620 camera and turned on for the first time, the AA mode is always activated.

5. Wait for the ready-light to come on before taking the picture. If the ready-light blinks for approx. 3 seconds after the picture is taken, this indicates the flash fired at maximum output, meaning that light may have been insufficient for correct exposure. In that case, use a wider aperture or move closer to the subject before taking the next picture by referring to Table 2.

To check the correct flash shooting distance range before taking the picture Point the camera at the subject. After pressing the shutter release button lightly, press the icon-flashword.gif button on the SB-28DX. If the ready-light blinks for approx. 3 seconds, this indicates the flash fired at maximum output, meaning that light may have been insufficient for correct exposure. In this case, use a wider aperture or move closer to the subject by referring to Table 2 before taking the actual picture.

Table 2: Usable aperture/flash shooting distance ranges in AA (Auto Aperture) and A (non-TTL Auto Flash) modes Use this table to determine the distance range in which the correct auto flash exposure will be obtained at various ISO sensitivity levels, aperture, and zoom settings.

Flash exposure compensation In AA mode, flash output compensation is possible in 1/3 steps from -3.0 to +1.0EV by pressing the { or } button to increase or decrease the compensation while confirming the amount on the LCD panel. Note that flash output compensation is restricted in Zones A to D. Zone A: Minus flash output compensation is not possible. Zone B: Flash output compensation exceeding -1EV is not possible. Zone C: Flash output compensation exceeding -2EV is not possible. Zone D: Flash output compensation from 0 to +1EV is not possible.

Note*: If flash output compensation is made exceeding the amount of the above values, the flash shooting range indicator bars disappear and the aperture, exposure compensation indicator, and exposure compensation value blink to warn you. Note**: Exposure compensation on the camera is possible. Refer to your cameras instruction manual for information. Note***: Exposure compensation can be made on both the SB-28DX and the camera. The exposure is controlled by the sum total of both exposure compensation values and the shooting range indicator bars changes to match the exposure compensation. However, the SB-28DXs LCD panel displays the amount of compensation set on the SB-28DX only.

ISO 200 guide numbers (m/ft) in the Manual and Repeating Flash Modes (at 20°C/68°F)

Adjustment factors for other ISO sensitivity levels

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Recommended links to understand more technical details related to the Nikkor F-mount and production Serial Number: by: my friend, Rick Oleson by: Hansen, Lars Holst

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W A R N I N G: The new G-SERIES Nikkor lenses have removed the conventional aperture ring on the lense barrel, they CANNOT adjust aperture(s) when operating in manual exposure control even with certain earlier MF/AF Nikon SLR camera models. But they are FULLY COMPATIBLE with the Nikon F5 featured here in all usable metering systems and/or exposure modes. Please refer to your local distributor for compatibility issue(s).

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A resource dedicated to my kids, Alvin Foo & Esther Foo- one day, BOTH might need to use all these information for his/her Nikon F5A camera.

Volunteered Maintainer(s) for the Nikon F5 Message Board: Tony Davies-Patrick, UK; Rick Oleson, US; Koh Kho King, Malaysia.

Credit: Mr. Chuck Hester, US for his text re-editing skill for this site; Our staff, HowKiat® who created the 3D-Nikon F5 logo. Mr. Lew Chee Wai of YL camera for lending his F5 for me to take some shots appeared in this site. All those nice folks who have contributed their images, in particular Mr. Mike Long, Edwin leong, Palmi Einarsson, Sergio Pessolano, Fred Kamphues, Harry Eggens, Curtis Forrester, Nick (Natures Moments), Sandra Bartocha; fellow countrymen, Vincent Thian, Koh Kho King, Philip Chong, CY Leow etc. and contributions from a few nice folks from Photo Malaysia Forum. Disclaimers & acknowledgments: Certain content and images appeared in this site were either scanned from official marketing leaflets, brochures published by Nikon and/or contribution from surfers who claimed originality of their own work for public publishing in this website, where majority of the extracted information are used basing on educational merits. The creator of this site will not be responsible for any discrepancies that may arise from any possible dispute except rectifying them after verification from respective source. Neither Nikon or its associates has granted any permission(s) in using their public information nor has any interest in the creation of this site. "Nikon", "Nikkormat", "Nippon Kokagu KK" "Silent Wave", "Focus Tracking Lock-on", "Nikkor" & other applicable technical/business terms are registered trade name(s) of Nikon Corporation Inc., Japan. Site made with an Apple G5 IMac.