Classic SLR Series
One of the major factor contributing to the success of SLR camera is its ability to let you see the image through the same lens that is used to take the picture. Light rays reflecting off the mirror fall on a ground-glass focusing screen. But focusing screen has another purpose inside a camera. I am not sure whether you realize the fact that the distance from the lens mounting flange to the film plane is the same as the distance to the focusing screen by way of the mirror.
So, if an image is in focus on the screen it will also be in focus on the film during an exposure process where the main reflex mirror moves out of the way. Thus, a focusing screen is the "template" for an final image which will eventually exposed onto film where you use the focusing screen to make focus adjustments as a substitute for the film plane.
Most 35mm SLR manufacturers in one way or another provide a user interchangeable focusing screen feature for their mid-to-high-end SLR camera models. Nikon was the first 35mm SLR producers to offer this useful feature dating back to their Nikon F in 1959.
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Among all manual focus Nikons, camera that DO NOT provide such interchangeability are the Nikkormats, Nikon FM, the three ultra-compact Nikon models (EM, FG and FG-20), F-301 and the two below-spec Nikon FM-10/FE-10. Focusing Screens for mid-range Nikon bodies are made of acrilan; but screens for F-bodies are of glass which has better quality and protected by metal frames.
Nikon Interchangeable focusing screens can be separated into just two groupings. One group of them are designed for the midrange Nikon models which has a fixed pentaprism such as the Nikon FE, FE2, Nikon FA & FM2 series while another is specifically designed for the professional F-series bodies whose finder can be removed and also interchanged with many optional prisms.
The fixed and interchangeable prisms design between these bodies also directly affecting the way how to handle screens change and handling. Nikon F2's screen changing is by removing the prism and using a drop-screen method.
While mid-compact Nikon bodies are confined to share just 3 types of focusing screens and interchange among all the camera models*; the screens designed for the professional bodies of Nikon F and F2 are more in numbers and varieties. Further, they have some level of compatibility between the two models and thus could be shared and use with one another**. The subsequent Nikon F3, F4 screens are not interchangeable nor can be used with older Nikon F or Nikon F2 bodies.
* Exposure compensation is required to work with respective Nikon SLR Models when interchanged with older Type K, B and E screens and the newer K2, B2 and E2 screens.* * All Nikon F screens can be used on the Nikon F2; however, slight modification is needed to adapt any F2 screens to a Nikon F.
With the F2's, you not only have a range of 14 orignal basic types of screens (plus a TV format screen introduced in later stages) to choose from but there are also subgroups within this range, giving a total of 19 types screens. The "varieties" of screen types are important to some,as there will be some jobs that just cannot be handled with speed and accuracy by a fixed screen supplied by the camera manufacturer.
<<<<<<<<<-------- A Basic standard Type K Screen ilustrated with a F2AS.
For many years, Nikon's standard focusing screen on their Nikon F and Nikkormat models was a Type A screen instead of the more familiar Type K that is so commonly found on many manual focus Nikon bodies. In fact, when the Nikon F2 was first introduced, the standard screen type used on the camera was also a Type A screen which has only a split image rangefinder spot in a 12mm reference circle but without the 1mm microprism collar.
There is no clear rule to say which screen is the best because there is no one screen provides the perfect answer to every photographic situation. But rather, what screen best suit your personal preferences and working best with your other hardware, in particularly the lenses you have should more important. Any one screen is a compromise, and good in terms of focusing accuracy and convenience.
All just to ensure that whatever the situation or, whatever the lens in use, there is a using screen to match. This is important as both maximum aperture and focal length influence focusing, sometimes even causing the central rangefinder spot to black out.
| Previous | N E X T | 1/3 Viewfinder info, Basic Screen Types
Relative: Nikon Focusing Screens for Nikon F, Nikon F3, Nikon F4, Nikon F5 & Screens for MF-Nikon Mid-compact Bodies.
| Back | Main Index Page for Focusing Screens
System Accessories: Motor Drives / Prisms / Screens / Macro / Film Backs / Flash Other Accessories: DS-1 / DS-2 / DS-12 / eyepiece / DH-1 / cases / Cable releases / Miscellaneous
| History & Background | Semi-FAQ | Various Features and Functions - 6 Parts |
| Message Board | for your favourite Nikon F2 Series SLR model(s)
| Message Board | for your Nikon Optics in a shared environment
| Message Board | Specifically for Dispose or Looking for Nikon/Nikkor Photographic Equipment
| Back | to Main Index Page of Nikon F2 Series SLR models
| Back | Main Index Page of Pictorial History of Nikon SLRs
The Eyes of Nikon:-
Nippon Kogaku KK Rangefinder RF-Nikkor lenses:- Main Index Page
Nikon Auto Focus Nikkor lenses:- Main Index Page
Nikon Manual Focus Nikkor lenses- Main Index Page
Fisheye-Nikkor Lenses - Circular | Full Frame | Ultrawides Lenses - 13mm15mm18mm20mm | Wideangle Lenses - 24mm28mm35mm |
Standard Lenses - 45mm 50mm 58mm | Telephoto Lenses - 85mm105mm135mm180mm & 200mm |
Super-Telephoto Lenses - 300mm 400mm 500mm 600mm 800mm 1200mm |
Special Application lenses:
Micro-Nikkor Lenses - 50mm~55mm -60mm 85mm -105mm 200mm Micro-Zoom 70-180mm
Perspective Control (PC) - 28mm 35mm PC-Micro 85mm
Dedicated Lenses for Nikon F3AF: AF 80mm f/2.8 | AF 200mm f/3.5 EDIF
Depth of Field Control (DC): 105mm 135mm
Medical Nikkor: 120mm 200mm
Reflex-Nikkor Lenses - 500mm 1000mm 2000mm
Others: Noct Nikkor | OP-Nikkor | UV Nikkor 55mm 105mm | Focusing Units | Bellows-Nikkor 105mm 135mm
Nikon Series E Lenses: 28mm35mm50mm100mm135mm | E-Series Zoom lenses: 36~72mm75~150mm70~210mm
MF Zoom-Nikkor Lenses: 25~50mm | 28~45mm | 28~50mm | 28~85mm | 35~70mm | 36~72mm E | 35~85mm | 35~105mm | 35~135mm |
35~200mm | 43~86mm | 50~135mm | 50~300mm | 70~210mm E | 75~150mm E | 80~200mm | 85~250mm |
100~300mm | 180~600mm | 200~400mm | 200~600mm | 360~1200mm | 1200~1700mm
Tele-Converters: TC-1 | TC-2 | TC-200 | TC-201 | TC-300 | TC-301 | TC-14 | TC-14A | TC-14B | TC-14C | TC-14E | TC-16 | TC-16A | TC-20E
Nikon F | Nikon F2 | Nikon F3 | Nikon F4 | Nikon F5 | Nikon F6 | Nikkormat / Nikomat |
Nikon FM | Nikon FE/ FA | Nikon EM/FG/FG20 | Nikon Digital SLRs | Nikon - Other models
MIR Supports for Photographic Community: Various Message Boards/Community Forums
Nikon F-series| Nikon F2-series| Nikon F3-series| Nikon F4-series| Nikon F5-series|Nikkormat/Nikomat-series
Nikon FM-series|Nikon FE-series|Nikon FA|Nikon Digital SLR series|Various Nikon Models|Nikkor Optic -shared
Others:- Free Trade Zone - Photography| Free Trade Zone - Business Community |Free To Zouk - Photographic Community
Apple's Mac Public Community Message Board | Windows based PC & Apple/Mac Public Community Trade Exchange Centre
Recommended links to understand more technical details related to the Nikkor F-mount and production Serial Number:
http://rick_oleson.tripod.com/index-153.html by: my friend, Rick Oleson
http://www.zi.ku.dk/personal/lhhansen/photo/fmount.htm by: Hansen, Lars Holst
About this photographic site.
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Copyright © 2000. leofoo ®. MIR Web Development Team.
In memory of my friend Com. Augusto Staut, Brazil, 1971-2000.
Credit: Chuck Hester, US for his patience, encouragement and help to setup the various content in this site; Robert Johnson for some of his original images on the F2H-MD appeared in this site; my ex-staff, KiaSu for his superb 3-D logo appeared in this Nikon F2 site; Marc Vorgers from Holland who generously provide me with some of his images of F2AS; MCLau®, who has so much time with me to re-edit the content in this site and not to mention buying a Nikon Coolpix 990 just for this site. Keat Photo, Kuala Lumpur for providing their Nikon F2A to take some images for this site; again, Mr Edward Ngoh the great camera collector who provides us his collection of F2AS with MD-2; hawkeye.photographic.com for their images on the Speed Magny film backs; Sean Cranor for his image on Nikon F2 25th Anniversary Model; Ted Wengelaar®, Holland for his continuous flow of input on some of the early Nikon bodies; CYLeow ® , photo editor of the Star newspaper, Malaysia for some of his images used in this site. Ms Rissa Chan, Sales manager from Shriro Malaysia who has helped to provide some of the very useful input. HiuraShinsaku®, Nikomat ML, Japan for some of his images on various F2 models; my staff, Wati, Maisa, Mai and my nephew, EEWyn®, who volunteered and helping me did so many of the film scanning works. Contributing photographers or resellers: Jen Siow, Foo KokKin, Arthur Teng, Mark Fallander, John Ishii, Ed Hassel, YoonKi Kim, Jean-Louis, M.Dugentas (Dell Corner.com.), Mr "Arsenall" and a few images mailed in from surfers with no appropriate reference to their origin. Dedicated to KU Yeo, just to express our mutual regrets over the outcome of a recent corporate event. Made with a PowerMac, broadcast with a Redhat Linux powered server.