Modern Classic SLRs Series :
Flash Photography - SB-30 AF-TTL Speedlight
Part II

 
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Determining the aperture and flash shooting distance range (m/ft.)
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At an ISO sensitivity of 100 (200), the available shooting apertures in the Non-TTL auto flash mode are: f/2.8, f/4, f/5.6, and f/8 (f/4, f/5.6, f/8, and f/11) At an ISO sensitivity of 100 (400), the available shooting apertures in the TTL auto flash mode are: f/2 to f/16 (f/4 to f/32).
Note: Use of the built-in wide-flash adapter is recommended when shooting subjects closer than approx. 1m (3.3 ft.). Set the flash head at the 50° position when shooting subjects closer than approx. 0.4m (1.3 ft.)

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Taking flash pictures in the Non-TTL auto flash mode

Operation: 1 Set the camera’s exposure mode, sync mode, shutter speed, etc. The ready-light inside the camera’s viewfinder blinks to warn you that the shutter speed is not correctly set with Nikon MF-SLR cameras Nikon FM3A, New FM2 (FM2N), Nikon FA or Nikon FE series models. In this case, make sure the camera settings are correct. 2 Determine the correct aperture to match the shooting distance range by referring to the table “Determining the aperture and flash shooting distance range.. Set the same aperture on the SB-30’s Mode selector dial. 3 Set the same aperture on the camera or lens as set on the SB-30. Otherwise, the correct exposure cannot be obtained. When using a zoom lens having a variable aperture, refer to section on “Variable apertures after zooming in or out”before setting the aperture. 4 Make sure the SB-30’s ready-light is on, then shoot.

Variable apertures after zooming in or out With zoom lenses having a variable aperture, take note of the following before setting the aperture on the SB-30. Reading the aperture on the camera’s LCD panel or in the viewfinder Lock the lens aperture at its minimum, and after composing the picture by zooming in or out, read the aperture appearing on the camera’s LCD panel or in the viewfinder. Reading the aperture using the scale on the lens • After zooming in or out to select the appropriate composition, read the aperture in the following way: a. At wideangle zoom settings, read the aperture value at the green index (or line). b. At telephoto settings, read the aperture value at the yellow index (or dot). c. At intermediate settings, read the aperture value between the two indexes.

Manual flash mode The SB-30’s flash output level can be set manually at M1/1, M1/8, or M1/32. In the Manual mode, you must determine the correct exposure by calculation using a combination of the guide number, shooting distance, and lens aperture. If the camera’s exposure mode is set to other than Aperture-Priority Auto (A) or Manual (M), the shutter may not be released, depending on the cameras in use.

Guide number (m/ft.) and ISO sensitivity
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To obtain the correct exposure, use the following equations to determine the aperture and guide number to match the flash shooting distance. f/stop (aperture) = Guide number (GN) ÷ Shooting distance (m/ft): Guide number (GN) = Aperture x Shooting distance (m/ft)

For example, when shooting a subject at a distance of 2.5m (8.2 ft), at an ISO sensitivity of 400 and a lens aperture of f/2.8: Guide number = 2.8 x 2.5 = 7 (in meters) or 2.8 x 8.2 = approx. 23 (in feet). Therefore M1/8 is the correct flash output level with the wide-flash adapter in place. Likewise, when shooting a subject at a distance of 4m (13 ft.), at an ISO sensitivity of 400 and M1/1 flash output level without using the wide-flash adapter: f/stop = 32 ÷ 4 = 8 (in meters) or 105 ÷ 13 = approx. 8 (in feet). Therefore, f/8 is the correct lens aperture.

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Taking flash pictures in the Manual flash mode

Operation: 1 Set the camera’s exposure mode, sync mode, shutter speed, etc. 2 Determine the aperture and flash output level to match the flash shooting distance. The guide number varies as shown in the guide number table, depending on the flash output level with and without the wide-flash adapter in place. 3 Set the aperture on the camera or lens and the flash output level on the SB-30. 4 Make sure the SB-30’s ready-light is on, then shoot. In the Manual flash mode, no warning ready-light blinks to indicate that the light may have been insufficient for correct exposure after shooting.

Illuminating a distant subject using the SB-30 and other Nikon cameras (such as the COOLPIX Series)

A) Wireless slave flash shooting If the SB-30 is used as a slave flash unit that starts and stops firing in sync with the master Speedlight mounted on the camera or the camera’s built-in Speedlight. With the SB-30, the following types of wireless slave flash shooting can be performed. The Standby function does not work if the Mode selector dial is set to the Wireless slave flash mode.
B) Shooting a distant subject using cameras such as the COOLPIX that have a built-in Speedlight
By placing the camera and the SB-30 side-by-side to fire the SB-30 in sync with the built-in Speedlight, you can illuminate a distant subject, creating a picture not possible when using the built-in flash by itself.
C) Using the SB-30 as a slave flash unit placed away from the camera
In multiple flash, when the SB-30 is used away from the camera, you can create more natural-looking pictures with sufficient illumination throughout the picture.
D) Softening shadows cast on the wall by the master flash unit or lightening the background
By using the SB-30 at full (M1/1) output, you can eliminate unattractive shadows or lighten the background to create more natural-looking pictures.
E) Multiple flash operation using the infrared remote commander
With the built-in infrared filter in place, the SB-30 operates as an infrared remote commander to trigger other slave flash units.

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A) Two methods of wireless slave flash shooting Wireless slave flash can be performed in two ways by setting the Mode selector dial:

(1) Auto wireless slave flash (A) mode: The SB-30 starts and stops firing in sync with the master Speedlight. The maximum shooting distance of the SB-30’s light sensor is approx. 5m (16 ft.). (2) Manual wireless slave flash (M) mode: The SB-30 only fires at M1/1 output in sync with the master Speedlight. The maximum shooting distance of the SB-30’s light sensor is approx. 40m (131 ft.).

Notes: Position the slave flash unit (SB-30) so that light from the master flash unit can reach the light sensor of the slave flash unit. This is particularly important when taking pictures while holding a slave flash unit in your hand. The correct exposure cannot be obtained if the master Speedlight fires a series of preflashes (Monitor Preflash). Cancel the Monitor Preflash of the master flash unit using the methods described below. This is necessary except for the one preliminary flash firing of the COOLPIX that does not affect the correct exposure.

F80-Series/N80-Series
: Set the camera’s exposure mode to Manual (M) F70-Series/N70
F5, F100, F90X/N90s:
Cancel the Monitor Preflash of the Speedlight mounted on the camera.
F90-Series/N90 D1-Series
: Set the flash mode of the Speedlight mounted on the camera to Non-TTL auto or Manual flash.

Shooting a distant subject using the SB-30 in conjunction with cameras that have a built-in Speedlight (applicable to COOLPIX Series) By placing the camera and SB-30 side-by-side to fire the SB-30 in sync with the built-in Speedlight, you can illuminate a distant subject, creating pictures not possible when using the built-in Speedlight alone. Set the SB-30’s Mode selector dial to the Wireless slave flash (A) mode to perform auto flash. Note: The COOLPIX 900, COOLPIX 700 series, COOLPIX 800 series and COOLPIX 2500 cameras that fire one preliminary flash are usable. With the Pronea S that has no accessory shoe or the F55/N55, which has a hot shoe but no TTL auto flash function, the SB-30 can still perform TTL auto flash. When attaching the SB-30 to cameras such as COOLPIX 700 series, COOLPIX 800 series, using the optional Bracket Set SK-9, refer to the SK-9 instruction manual.

Taking flash pictures using film-based SLRs cameras 1 Set the master Speedlight, either the built-in Speedlight or one mounted on the camera, to fire. Be sure to cancel the master flash unit's Monitor Preflash. 2 Use the SB-30 as the slave flash unit and set it to the Wireless slave flash (A) mode. In wireless slave flash shooting, exposure compensation using the SB-30’s Exposure compensation switch is not possible. In this case, make exposure compensation on the camera. 3 Check the aperture and flash shooting distance, then shoot. Press the Standby resume button/Slave flash firing cancel button to avoid accidental firing in sync with other Speedlights. The SB-30 will not fire, while this button is pressed.

Shooting a subject when the SB-30 is placed away from the camera When the SB-30 is placed away from the camera to perform multiple flash, you can take more natural looking pictures with sufficient illumination. Set the SB-30’s Mode selector dial to Wireless salve flash (A) to perform wireless multiple flash operation in the TTL auto or Non-TTL auto flash mode. flash pictures 1 Make the necessary settings on the camera as with a normal Speedlight. 2 Set the SB-30’s Mode selector dial to Wireless slave flash (A). In wireless slave flash shooting, exposure compensation using the SB-30’s Exposure compensation switch is not possible. In this case, make exposure compensation on the camera. 3 Set the master Speedlight flash mode to TTL auto flash. Be sure to cancel the master Speedlight Monitor Preflash. If Monitor Preflash cannot be canceled, set the flash mode to other than the TTL auto flash mode. The D-TTL auto flash mode is not possible with the SB-30. With Digital SLRs cameras, set the flash mode to Non-TTL auto flash or Auto Aperture flash. 4 Check the aperture and flash shooting distance, then shoot.

Multiple flash operation using the SB-30 as an infrared remote commander With the built-in infrared filter in place, you can use the SB-30 as an infrared remote commander to perform wireless multiple flash, using slave flash units only to illuminate the subject without the use of a master flash unit. • Set the flash mode to TTL auto flash; Non-TTL auto flash is not recommended. The infrared filter can be used together with the wide-flash adapter. Even though light leaks from both sides of the infrared filter, this will not affect the correct exposure. Without using the infrared filter, the master flash unit works as a normal flash unit and the subject is also illuminated by this flash unit.

Multiple flash shooting using cords Like other Speedlights compatible with the TTL auto flash mode, the SB-30 can perform TTL multiple flash using optional TTL Remote Cords SC-17/SC-24, TTL Multi-Flash Sync Cords SC-18/SC-19, or the TTL Multi-Flash Adapter AS-10.

Close-up flash operation from approx. 0.3 to 1m (1 to 3.3 ft.) with the built-in wide-flash adapter With the SB-30 attached to the camera’s accessory shoe, close-up flash shooting can be performed.

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Close-up flash operation

Be sure to use the built-in wide-flash adapter when taking close-up flash photographs. Vignetting may occur in close-up flash shooting when using a large diameter lens, lens hood, etc.

Operation: 1 Set the SB-30’s Mode selector dial to . With cameras incompatible with the TTL auto flash mode, set the dial to the Non-TTL auto flash or Manual flash mode. 2 Set the camera’s exposure mode, metering system, sync mode, shutter speed, etc. The ready-light in the camera’s viewfinder blinks to warn you that the settings on the camera are not correct and TTL auto flash is not possible. In this case, check the camera’s settings. 3 Set the wide-flash adapter in place by pulling it up. Take care that the black infrared filter does not obscure the front of the flash adapter. 4 . When taking close-ups where the subject is less than approx. 0.4m (1.3 ft.), tilt the flash head down. •Tilt the flash head down to 50° when taking a subject closer than 0.4m (1.3 ft.) to illuminate the subject sufficiently. 5 Use the table “Determining the aperture and flash shooting distance range (m/ft.)” to determine the proper aperture, and set the same aperture on the camera. In the Non-TTL auto flash mode, set the same aperture on the SB-30’s Mode selector dial as well. 6 Check that the SB-30’s ready-light is on, then shoot.

Built-in wide-flash adapter The wide-flash adapter can also be used in other than close-up flash shooting. The angle of coverage of the SB-30 matches a 28mm lens. The built-in wide-flash adapter increases the angle to match a 17mm lens. The guide number decreases from 16/52 to 10/33 (ISO 100, m/ft) When using a 17mm lens with the built-in wide-flash adapter in place, the distance between the camera and subject becomes increasingly pronounced from the center of the frame to the periphery, so the peripheral area might not be sufficiently illuminated in certain cases.

Exposure compensation Adjusting the SB-30’s flash output is possible by using the Exposure compensation switch when the Mode selector dial is set to Non-TTL auto, M1/32, or M1/8. Set the Exposure compensation switch to +1/2 position to make the main subject brighter, or to -1/2 to make the subject darker. With COOLPIX cameras, you can adjust the flash output by checking the brightness of the images on the monitor, then re-shoot.

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Exposure compensation switch:

+1/2
: Increases the flash output by +1/2 EV to make the subject brighter
0: No compensation. Set the switch to zero (0) when no exposure compensation is desired.
-1/2
: Decreases the flash output by -1/2 EV to make the subject darker

Note: Making exposure compensation using the switch is not possible, if the Mode selector dial is set to the TTL auto flash, M1/1, or Wireless slave mode.

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Optional Accessories:

Bracket Set SK-9
The SK-9 allows COOLPIX (COOLPIX 700 series, 800 series, and 900 series) or SLR cameras and the SB-30 to be positioned side-by-side. This Bracket Set includes the Bracket SK-9, TTL Multi-Flash Adapter AS-18, and Sync Cord SC-25 for connecting COOLPIX 900 series cameras except the COOLPIX 900 to the AS-18.

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Multi-Flash Bracket Unit SK-E900/Multi-Flash Adapter AS-E900 The SB-30 can be used as a slave flash unit with Nikon COOLPIX 900 series cameras by attaching the COOLPIX to Multi-Flash Bracket Unit SK-E900 and connecting the SB-30 to the multi-flash terminal of the COOLPIX using the Multi-Flash Adapter AS-E900. One AS-E900 Multi-Flash Adapter is included with the SK-E900.

Notes on batteries: -

Install one 3V lithium battery (CR123A or DL123A) Replace the battery in advance or carry extra batteries with you when photographing important events. Use a dry cloth to clean the battery terminals if they become soiled by perspiration or oils from your hand. Dirty contacts may cause a bad connection.
Use a fresh battery at low temperatures The SB-30 may not work correctly when using an exhausted battery at low temperatures. Battery power tends to weaken as the temperature drops, resulting in slower recycling times and reduced number of flashes. Battery power may recover when the temperature returns to normal. Use a fresh battery, or keep spare batteries warm and use them when the temperature becomes low.

Troubleshooting Use the following chart to determine the cause of the problem before you take your Speedlight to a Nikon service center for repair.

Problem

Possible cause

Reference/remedy

The ready-light does not light up The battery is replaced while the power switch is set to ON or the STBY position Installing the battery
The battery is not correctly installed Installing the battery
Battery power is weak Installing the battery
The standby function is activated and operating Turning the power ON/OFF and the Standby function
The battery terminals or SB-30’s battery contacts are dirty Clean the terminals or contacts.
The ready-light blinks for approx. 1.5 sec after firing he shooting distance is out of the available flash aperture and shooting distance range Determining the flash shooting distance range
The ready-light takes a long time to light up. Battery power is weak Installing the battery
The battery generates heat due to continuous firing Wait until the SB-30 cools off
The shutter cannot be released, although the ready-light comes on. The Mode selector dial is set to Non-TTL auto or Manual, and camera’s exposure mode is set to Programmed Auto or Shutter-Priority Auto. Non-TTL auto flash mode, Manual flash mode

Care and Handling: Avoid exposing the SB-30 to strong magnetism or radio waves from TVs or high-voltage power transmission towers, as this may cause it to malfunction. While the SB-30’s flash mode is set to wireless slave flash, the flash unit may accidentally fire in locations containing flickering fluorescent lights. An extreme temperature change can cause condensation inside the SB-30. When taking the SB-30 to a very hot place from a very cold place or vice versa, place it inside an airtight container such as plastic bag inside for a while then expose the SB-30 gradually to the outside temperature.

Technical Specifications of Nikon SB-30 AF-TTL Speedlight: -

Electronic construction Automatic Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT) and series circuitry
Battery One 3V lithium battery (CR123A or DL123A)
Guide number (ISO 100, m/ft.) 16/52 at 28mm angle of coverage (without wide-flash adapter) 10/33 at 17mm angle of coverage (104
° with wide-flash adapter in place)Angle of coverage Covers the picture angle of 28mm lens (without wide-flash adapter) Covers the picture angle of 17mm lens (with wide-flash adapter in place)
Power switch Three positions provided: OFF/ON/STBY ON/STBY position: Power is turned on. STBY position: the SB-30 automatically turns itself off to conserve battery when flash unit is not used for approx. 40 sec.
Flash exposure control : TTL automatic control (Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash) with Nikon F6/F5, F100, F80, F65 or FM3A; Non-TTL automatic control; Manual control: full, 1/8 and 1/32 output

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Film speed range in TTL auto flash mode : ISO 25 to 800
Recycling times and number of flashes Minimum recycling time: Approx. 4 sec. (manual at full)(when fired at M1/1 output using a fresh battery)
No. of flashes: Approx. 250 times (when fired at M1/1 output using a fresh battery)
Mode selector dial Four positions provided: TTL auto flash, Non-TTL auto flash (4 steps), Manual flash (3 steps), Wireless slave flash (A or M)
Ready-light Lights up when SB-30 is recycled and ready to fire. Blinks when flash fires at its maximum output, indicating light may have been insufficient (in TTL auto flash, Non-TTL auto flash modes) The ready-light inside the camera’s viewfinder blinks when the camera settings are not correct in TTL auto flash mode.
Standby resume button/Slave flash firing cancel button Turns SB-30 on again after it enters standby state. Prevents SB-30 from firing accidentally in slave flash operation.
Flash duration 1/2800 sec. at M1/1 output
Power source: One 3V CR123A lithium battery
Dimensions (W x H x D) Approx. 58.5 x 83.5 x 36 mm (2.3 x 3.3x 1.4 in.)
Weight (without battery) Approx. 92g (3.2 oz.)

Other features: Built-in infrared panel (Infrared Remote Commander ); ,Tilting flash head for macro shooting. TTL Wireless Slave Flash function (Even with COOLPIX-series digital cameras)

Optional Accessories: TTL cord SC-17, Multiflash adapter AS-10, Bracket Set SK-9, Multi-Flash Bracket Unit SK-E900/Multi-Flash Adapter AS-E900 etc.

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Relative:
Nikon AF-TTL Speedlight Models:
Nikon SB-800 | Nikon SB-600 | Nikon SB-30 | Nikon SB-29(s) (2000) | Nikon SB-28 (1997) | Nikon SB-27 (1997) | Nikon SB-26 (1994) | Nikon SB-25 (1992) | Nikon SB-24 (1988) | SB-23 | SB-22 (1987) | SB-20 (1986)
Nikon AF-TTL Speedlight DX-Series:
Nikon SB-28DX (1999)| SB-50DX (2001) | SB-80DX (2002)
Additional information on various
Nikon MF Bulb Flash - Nikon MF-Speedlights SB-1 ~ SB-21A/B

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Index Page
  Special Application lenses:
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Dedicated Lenses for Nikon F3AF: AF 80mm f/2.8 | AF 200mm f/3.5 EDIF
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Nikon Series E Lenses: 28mm35mm50mm100mm135mm | E-Series Zoom lenses: 36~72mm75~150mm70~210mm


MF Zoom-Nikkor Lenses: 25~50mm | 28~45mm | 28~50mm | 28~85mm | 35~70mm | 36~72mm E | 35~85mm | 35~105mm | 35~135mm | 35~200mm | 43~86mm | 50~135mm | 50~300mm | 70~210mm E | 75~150mm E | 80~200mm | 85~250mm | 100~300mm | 180~600mm | 200~400mm | 200~600mm | 360~1200mm | 1200~1700mm

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Recommended links to understand more technical details related to the Nikkor F-mount and production Serial Number:
http://rick_oleson.tripod.com/index-153.html by: my friend, Rick Oleson
http://www.zi.ku.dk/personal/lhhansen/photo/fmount.htm by: Hansen, Lars Holst
http://www.mir.com.my/rb/photography/hardwares/nikonfmount/lens2.htm
http://www.photosynthesis.co.nz/nikon/serialno.html

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W A R N I N G: The new G-SERIES Nikkor lenses have removed the conventional aperture ring on the lense barrel, they CANNOT adjust aperture(s) when operating in manual exposure control even with certain earlier MF/AF Nikon SLR camera models. But they are FULLY COMPATIBLE with the Nikon F5 featured here in all usable metering systems and/or exposure modes. Please refer to your local distributor for compatibility issue(s).

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A resource dedicated to my kids, Alvin Foo & Esther Foo- one day, BOTH might need to use all these information for his/her Nikon F5A camera.

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Credit: Mr. Chuck Hester, US for his text re-editing skill for this site; Our staff, HowKiat® who created the 3D-Nikon F5 logo. Mr. Lew Chee Wai of YL camera for lending his F5 for me to take some shots appeared in this site. All those nice folks who have contributed their images, in particular Mr. Mike Long, Edwin leong, Palmi Einarsson, Sergio Pessolano, Fred Kamphues, Harry Eggens, Curtis Forrester, Nick (Natures Moments), Sandra Bartocha; fellow countrymen, Vincent Thian, Koh Kho King, Philip Chong, CY Leow etc. and contributions from a few nice folks from Photo Malaysia Forum. Disclaimers & acknowledgments: Certain content and images appeared in this site were either scanned from official marketing leaflets, brochures published by Nikon and/or contribution from surfers who claimed originality of their own work for public publishing in this website, where majority of the extracted information are used basing on educational merits. The creator of this site will not be responsible for any discrepancies that may arise from any possible dispute except rectifying them after verification from respective source. Neither Nikon or its associates has granted any permission(s) in using their public information nor has any interest in the creation of this site. "Nikon", "Nikkormat", "Nippon Kokagu KK" "Silent Wave", "Focus Tracking Lock-on", "Nikkor" & other applicable technical/business terms are registered trade name(s) of Nikon Corporation Inc., Japan. Site made with an Apple G5 IMac.

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