Modern Classic SLRs Series :
Flash Photography - Nikon SB-80DX AF-TTL Speedlight - Part VI

 
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System chart for TTL multiple flash Speedlights SB-11, SB-14, SB-140, and SB-21B cannot be used with the F-401/N4004 or F-401s/N4004s as either master or slave flash units.

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Wireless multiple flash shooting Wireless multiple flash can be operated in two ways: (1) In the A (auto) mode, in which the wireless slave flash units start and stop firing in sync with the master Speedlight, and (2) in the M (manual) mode, in which the wireless slave flash units only fire in sync with the master Speedlight. In wireless multiple flash, the master flash unit triggers and controls the flash duration of the slave flash unit(s). The camera’s built-in Speedlight can also be used as a master flash unit. Speedlights compatible with TTL auto flash, but having no wireless multiple flash function, can be used as the master flash unit. The optional Wireless Slave Flash Controller SU-4 allows you to use any Speedlight as a slave flash unit.

Notes on setting the slave flash units. Position the slave flash unit (usually closer to the subject than the camera), so that light from the master flash unit can reach the light sensor of the slave flash unit. Particularly when taking pictures while holding a slave flash unit in your hand, make sure the slave flash unit is in front of the camera, so that light can reach the light sensor of the slave flash unit. Take care not to let light from the slave flash unit enter the camera lens directly or indirectly (in TTL auto flash mode) and prevent light from entering the master flash unit's light sensor for Non-TTL auto flash (in Non-TTL auto flash mode). Otherwise, the correct exposure cannot be obtained. There is no limit to the number of slave flash units that can be used together. However, if too much light from other slave flash units enters the light sensor of the master flash unit, correct operation may not be possible. Practically, the number of slave flash units should be limited to three.

Activating and canceling the wireless flash mode using Custom settings

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Press the iconSEL.gif button for more than 2 sec. to display the Custom settings mode. 2 Press the iconplus.gif or iconminus.gif button to choose the “Wireless flash mode.”. 3 Press the iconWIDE.gif or iconTELE.gif button to select “ON.” 4 Press the iconSEL.gif button for more than 2 sec. or press the iconONOFF.gif button to return to the normal setting mode. 5 Detach the SB-80DX from the camera. 6 Press the iconMODE.gif button until the wireless flash indicator appears on the LCD panel. iconwirelessA.gif (Auto mode) iconwirelessM.gif (Manual mode)

Note: When the SB-80DX is attached to the camera after activating the Wireless flash mode, the iconWIRELESS.gif indicator appears on the LCD panel, showing that the SB-80DX can be used as a wireless master flash unit. When the flash unit is detached as it is, the indicator automatically changes to iconwirelessA.gif or iconwirelessM.gif and you can use the SB-80DX as a wireless slave flash unit. With the SB-80DX attached to Digital SLRs cameras, the wireless flash mode is canceled and no wireless flash indicator appears on the LCD panel when the flash mode is set to D-TTL auto flash. Therefore, be sure to set the flash mode to other than D-TTL auto flash.

Wireless master flash unit The SB-80DX, when set as a wireless master flash unit, can be used as a normal flash unit, but Monitor Preflashes will not fire even if Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash with TTL Multi-Sensor is selected. Use of a wireless master flash unit set to the TTL auto flash mode is recommended. With Nikon Digital SLRs cameras, use a wireless master flash unit set to the Auto Aperture or Non-TTL auto flash mode.
Wireless slave flash unit When the flash unit is used off-camera, the wireless slave flash mode is activated and the indication toggles between iconwirelessA.gif (auto) and iconwirelessM.gif (manual) mode every time you press the iconMODE.gif button.
A (auto) mode: The wireless slave flash unit starts and stops firing in sync with the master Speedlight. The maximum shooting distance of the SB-80DX’s light sensor is approx. 7m (23 ft.).
M (manual) mode: The wireless slave flash unit only fires in sync with the master Speedlight. The maximum shooting distance of the SB-80DX’s light sensor is approx. 40m (131 ft.). The flash output level can be set from M1/1 to M1/128. Note: Do not leave the power of the wireless slave flash unit on - this includes Speedlights
mounted on the SU-4. Otherwise, ambient electric noise due to a discharge of static electricity, etc. may accidentally trigger the flash.
How to prevent accidental flash firing Press the Modeling illuminator button on the SB-80DX to avoid accidental firing in sync with other Speedlights. The SB-80DX will not fire, while this button is pressed.

Wireless multiple flash shooting in A (auto) mode 1 Set the camera’s exposure mode to Aperture-Priority Auto (A) or Manual (M). 2 Set up all Speedlights as master and slave flash units. 3 Set all SB-80DX units (used as the master and slave flash units) to the Wireless flash mode. 4 Press the MODE button on the slave flash unit to activate the A (auto) mode.

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5 Set the flash mode of the master Speedlight to the TTL auto flash mode. With Nikon Digital SLRs cameras, wireless flash cannot be set, if the flash mode is set to D-TTL auto flash. In this case, set the flash mode to Auto Aperture or Non-TTL auto flash. 6 Confirm the aperture and flash shooting distance range as in normal TTL auto flash shooting, then shoot. Flash operation can be confirmed by the ready-light or the beeping sound,

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Wireless multiple flash shooting in M (manual) mode

1 Set the camera’s exposure mode to Aperture-Priority Auto (A) or Manual (M). 2 Set up all Speedlights as the master and slave flash units. 3 Set all SB-80DX units (used as the master and slave flash units) to the Wireless flash mode. 4 Press the MODE button on the slave flash unit to activate the M (manual) mode. 5 Set the flash mode of the master Speedlight to the Manual flash mode. The Non-TTL auto flash (A) mode can also be selected on the wireless slave flash unit. In this case, the flash unit controls the flash output based on the aperture and ISO sensitivity which are set on the slave flash unit, and automatically stops firing in sync with the master flash unit 6 Confirm the aperture and flash shooting distance as in normal Manual flash shooting, then shoot.

Adjusting the flash output level in M (manual) mode

Adjusting the slave flash unit's flash output level manually
Use the following equation to determine the proper manual flash output level of the slave flash unit, depending on your creative preferences. GN = F x D where GN is the guide number of the slave flash unit (in meters/feet), F is the lens aperture in use, and D is the distance between the slave flash unit and the subject (in meters/feet). For example, when using an ISO sensitivity of 100 and shooting a subject at a distance of 2m (6.6 ft.) with the SB-80DX’s zoom-head position adjusted to 28mm, and a lens aperture of f/4, GN = 4 x 2 = 8 (in meters) GN = 4 x 6.6 = approx. 26 (in feet) Therefore, to get the correct exposure, refer to the Guide Number table. and adjust the flash output level to M1/16. Refer to “Determining the aperture and flash output level in the Manual mode”

Adjusting the slave flash unit's flash output level in the Non-TTL auto flash (A) mode Determine the flash output level by setting the aperture on the slave flash unit and camera. 1 Set the same ISO sensitivity on the slave flash unit as set on your camera. 2 Set the same aperture on both the lens and the slave flash unit to obtain the correct exposure. Depending on your creative preferences, you can intentionally overexpose or underexpose the picture by modifying the aperture. The above setting is applicable only when both the master and slave flash units are pointed in the same directions. Not applicable, if the directions differ.

Confirming flash operation using the ready-light or the beeping sound You can confirm flash operation by checking the ready-light on the Speedlight or the beeping sound during and after shooting.

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Activating and canceling the SB-80DX’s beeping sound using Custom settings When the SB-80DX is used as a wireless slave flash unit, you can monitor its operation by listening to the beeping sound. This function can be activated or canceled using the Custom settings. 1 Detach the SB-80DX from the camera. 2 Press the iconSEL.gif button for more than 2 sec. to display the Custom settings mode. 3 Press + or - button to choose “Sound monitor in the wireless flash mode.” 4 Press the iconWIDE.gif or iconTELE.gif button to select: iconSOUND.gif : Sound on iconSOUNDOFF.gif: Sound off. 5 Press button for more than 2 sec. or press the button to return to the normal setting mode.


Confirming flash operation using the ready-light or beeping sound
Optional Accessories

Accessories for multiple flash

TTL Remote Cord SC-17
(approx. 1.5m or 4.9 ft)
TTL Remote Cord SC-24 (approx. 1.5m or 4.9 ft)


TTL Remote Cords SC-17/SC-24 provide TTL auto flash operation when the SB-80DX is used off-camera. Their flash shoes come with one tripod socket and two TTL multiple flash terminals. The TTL Remote Cord SC-24 is for use with F5 cameras mounted with a High-Magnification Finder DW-30 or DW-31, or F4 cameras having a High-Magnification Finder DW-20 or DW-21.
TTL Multi-Flash Sync Cord SC-18 (approx. 1.5 m or 4.9 ft)
TTL Multi-Flash Sync Cord SC-19 (approx. 3 m or 9.8 ft)
Multi-Flash Sync Cords SC-18/SC-19 are useful for connecting the SB-80DX to the multiple flash terminal of the SC-17 or AS-10 for TTL multiple flash operation.

TTL Multi-Flash Adapter AS-10  
Use the Multi-Flash Adapter AS-10 when connecting more than three flash units together for TTL multiple flash operation, or if the slave flash units are not equipped with multiple flash terminals. The AS-10 comes with one tripod socket and three TTL multiple flash terminals.
Sync Terminal Adapter AS-15  
The Sync Terminal Adapter AS-15 is necessary when connecting the SB-80DX to cameras not having a sync terminal.
Sync Cord SC-11 (approx. 25 cm or 9.8 in. )
Sync Cord SC-15 (approx. 1 m or 3.3 ft)
 
Sync Cords SC-11 & SC-15 are handy when you want to use the SB-80DX off-camera or for use with cameras not having accessory shoes. These cords also allow you to perform multiple flash operation in the Manual mode.

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SC-17/SC-24

SC-18/SC-19

AS-10

SC-11/SC-15

AS-15

SU-4

AS-17

SK-E900 Bracket

SK-E900 Adapter

Wireless Slave Flash Controller SU-4  
Useful for multiple flash photography, the SU-4 features a built-in, movable light sensor and an accessory shoe for attachment of a slave flash unit. The SU-4’s light sensor not only triggers the slave unit to fire in sync with the master unit, but controls the flash duration of the slave unit to provide wireless TTL, Non-TTL, or Manual operation.
TTL Flash Unit Coupler AS-17 for F3-Series cameras  
Dedicated adapter for F3-Series cameras providing TTL flash operation with Nikon Speedlights such as SB-80DX featuring an ISO-type mounting foot (not designed for the F3).

Bracket SK-7  
A metal plate with attachment screws allowing the camera and Speedlight to be positioned side by side. Use the optional TTL Multi-Flash Adapter AS-10 to attach the SB-80DX on Bracket SK-7.
Multi-Flash Bracket Unit SK-E900
Multi-Flash Adapter AS-E900
 
(One AS-E900 Multi-Flash Adapter is included with the SK-E900). The SB-80DX can be used as a multiple flash unit with Nikon COOLPIX 900 series digital cameras by attaching the COOLPIX to Multi-Flash Bracket unit SK-E900 and connecting the SB-80DX to the Multi-Flash terminal of the COOLPIX using the Multi-Flash Adapter AS-E900

Using external power sources

Connecting to an external power source To use an external power source, remove the cover and connect its power cord to the SB-80DX’s external power source terminal. Using external power sources made by another manufacturer is not recommended.

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Nikon DC Unit SD-7 | Nikon High-Performance Battery Pack SD-8A | Power Bracket Unit SK-6A

Specifications
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*1 With AA-type alkaline-manganese batteries in the SB-80DX. *2 With the same type of batteries in both the external power source and the SB-80DX. *3 When fired at an interval of 120 seconds.


Note: The above data may vary due to variations in performance or whether fresh or old batteries are used. In rare cases, when firing the modeling illuminator with the SD-8A or SK-6A attached, the SB-80DX may be powered by its own batteries, and the external power source does not operate. This is not a malfunction.

Notes on batteries: -

Usable batteries Use four AA-type batteries (1.5V or lower) of any of the following types. High-power manganese batteries are not recommended. Using an external power source) increases the number of flashes and provides faster recycling times.
Alkaline-manganese (1.5V) battery Non-rechargeable batteries. They should not be charged in a battery charger. Otherwise, they may explode.
Lithium (1.5V) battery Non-rechargeable batteries. They should not be charged in a battery charger. Otherwise, they may explode. Depending on battery specifications, when the battery becomes hot, the safety circuits are activated, cutting off power. This often occurs when the flash unit is operated in the repeating flash mode. Battery power will recover when the temperature returns to normal.
NiCd battery (rechargeable, 1.2V) / Ni-MH (rechargeable, 1.2V) Rechargeable batteries. Before recharging the batteries, be sure to read the instruction manuals for your batteries and battery charger for detailed information on how to handle and charge the batteries.

Troubleshooting: -

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Ready-light warning inside the camera’s viewfinder
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Note The SB-80DX incorporates a microcomputer to control flash operations. In rare cases, the SB-80DX may not work properly even after fresh batteries are properly installed. If this happens, replace the batteries while the SB-80DX’s power is turned on.

Technical Specifications for Nikon SB-80DX AF-TTL Speedlight

Electronic Construction: Automatic Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT) and series circuitry
Flash Exposure Control:
Selected by pressing MODE button.

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Angle of View: Variable in 7 steps, plus three steps with wide-flash adapter and Nikon Diffusion Dome

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*1 With the Nikon Diffusion Dome attached
* 2 With the built-in wide-flash adapter in place


Bounce capability:
Flash head tilts down to -7° or up to 90° with click-stops at -7°, 0°, 45°, 60°, 75°, 90°; Flash head rotates horizontally 180° to the left or 90° to the right with click-stops at 0°, 30°, 60°, 90°, 120°, 150°, 180°
Power ON/OFF button: Press iconONOFF.gif button for approx. 0.5 sec. to turn SB-80DX on or off. Standby function can be set.
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Power source/min. recycling time/no. of flashes (at M1/1 output): Four AA-type penlight batteries (1.5V or lower) of any of these types: Alkaline-manganese (1.5V), Lithium (1.5V), NiCd (1.2V), or Ni-MH (1.2V) . * With fresh batteries. M1/1 output without use of AF-assist illuminator, zoom operation, and LCD panel illuminator.

External Power sources (optional):
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Ready-light: Lights up when SB-80DX is recharged and ready to fire. Blinks for 3 sec. when flash fires at its maximum output, indicating light may have been insufficient (in TTL/D-TTL auto flash, Non-TTL Auto Flash, and Auto Aperture flash modes)

FLASH button: Performs test firing for determination of correct exposure. Turns SB-80DX on again after unit enters standby-off state
Flash Duration (approx.):
1/1050 sec. at M 1/1 (full) output
1/1100 sec. at M 1/2 output
1/2700 sec. at M 1/4 output
1/5900 sec. at M 1/8 output
1/10900 sec. at M 1/16 output
1/17800 sec. at M 1/32 output
1/32300 sec. at M 1/64 output
1/41600 sec. at M 1/128 output

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Mounting foot lock lever: Provides secure attachment of SB-80DX to camera’s accessory shoe using locking plate and mount pin to prevent accidental detachment.
Exposure compensation:-3.0 to +3.0 EV in increments of 1/3 steps (or in 1/6 steps with Digital SLRs) in the TTL/D-TTL auto flash and Auto Aperture flash modes.
AF-assist illuminator: Automatically turns on when performing autofocus in dim light or in the dark with Nikon AF cameras. Effective shooting distance: Approx. 1m to 10m with a 50mm f/1.8 lens or shorter, depending on the lens in use.
Wireless flash operation: A (auto) mode: The wireless slave flash unit starts and stops firing in sync with the master Speedlight. M (manual) mode: The wireless slave flash unit only fires in sync with the master Speedlight.
Modeling illumination: The flash fires repeatedly at a reduced flash output level to provide illumination for pre visualizing the modeling of the subject.
Custom settings: By pressing the iconSEL.gif and iconplus.gif, iconminus.gif, iconTELE.gifor iconWIDE.gif buttons, the following custom settings are possible: Wireless flash mode, Sound monitor in the wireless flash mode, AF-assist illuminator, Standby function, Selecting the distance unit (m, ft.), Canceling power zoom function, Emergency mode, and LCD panel illuminator.
Built-in flash adapter: wide - Allows SB-80DX to be used with 14mm or 17mm lens.
Dimensions (W x H x D):
Approx. 70.5 x 127.5 x 91.5mm (2.8 x 5 x 3.6 in.)
Weight Approx. 335g (11.8 oz.) (without batteries)
Standard accessories supplied:
Nikon Diffusion Dome SW-10H, External power source terminal cap, Soft Case SS-80

Nikon, Nikkor, are trademarks of Nikon Corporation Co. Ltd. FUJI BLDG., 2-3, MARUNOUCHI 3-CHOME, CHIYODA-KU, TOKYO 100-8331, JAPAN

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Index Page | Page II | Page III | Page IV | Page V | Page VI

Relative:
Nikon AF-TTL Speedlight Models:
Nikon SB-800 | Nikon SB-600 | Nikon SB-30 | Nikon SB-29(s) (2000) | Nikon SB-28 (1997) | Nikon SB-27 (1997) | Nikon SB-26 (1994) | Nikon SB-25 (1992) | Nikon SB-24 (1988) | SB-23 | SB-22 (1987) | SB-20 (1986)
Nikon AF-TTL Speedlight DX-Series:
Nikon SB-28DX (1999)| SB-50DX (2001) | SB-80DX (2002)
Additional information on various
Nikon MF Bulb Flash - Nikon MF-Speedlights SB-1 ~ SB-21A/B

| Back | Main Index Page - Nikon F5 Professional SLR camera

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Prisms
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Index Page - 1 part
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Index Page - 3 parts
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Macro Photography - Related info on Micro-Nikkor lenses

Technical
Specification for Nikon F5
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Resource Centre
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Index Page
  Special Application lenses:
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Dedicated Lenses for Nikon F3AF: AF 80mm f/2.8 | AF 200mm f/3.5 EDIF
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Nikon Series E Lenses: 28mm35mm50mm100mm135mm | E-Series Zoom lenses: 36~72mm75~150mm70~210mm


MF Zoom-Nikkor Lenses: 25~50mm | 28~45mm | 28~50mm | 28~85mm | 35~70mm | 36~72mm E | 35~85mm | 35~105mm | 35~135mm | 35~200mm | 43~86mm | 50~135mm | 50~300mm | 70~210mm E | 75~150mm E | 80~200mm | 85~250mm | 100~300mm | 180~600mm | 200~400mm | 200~600mm | 360~1200mm | 1200~1700mm

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Recommended links to understand more technical details related to the Nikkor F-mount and production Serial Number:
http://rick_oleson.tripod.com/index-153.html by: my friend, Rick Oleson
http://www.zi.ku.dk/personal/lhhansen/photo/fmount.htm by: Hansen, Lars Holst
http://www.mir.com.my/rb/photography/hardwares/nikonfmount/lens2.htm
http://www.photosynthesis.co.nz/nikon/serialno.html

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