Modern Classic SLRs Series :
Flash Photography - Nikon SB-80DX AF-TTL Speedlight - Part II

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Batteries Install four AA-type penlight batteries (1.5V or lower) of any of these types: (1) Alkaline-manganese (1.5V) (2) Lithium (1.5V) (3) NiCd (rechargeable, 1.2V) (4) Ni-MH (Nickel Metal Hydride) (rechargeable, 1.2V). When replacing batteries, use fresh batteries of the same brand. High-power manganese batteries are NOT recommended for use with the SB-80DX. Do not recharge non-rechargeable batteries in a battery charger. Otherwise the batteries may leak corrosive liquids, or generate heat.

Minimum number of flashes and recycling times When using four fresh batteries of the same type, after the Speedlight fires at M1/1 output.
Minimum recycling time is for operation using fresh batteries. The data was measured without using AF-assist illuminator, zoom-head position adjustment, or LCD panel illumination. The above data may vary due to variations in battery performance.

If extremely exhausted batteries are used, a strange sound can be heard caused by the flash head zooming back and forth even when the SB-80DX is turned off. In this case, replace the SB-80DX’s batteries even if an external battery source is used.
External power sources Using an external power source increases the number of flash firings and provides faster recycling times

Test firing The SB-80DX fires at specified output in the Manual flash mode or at approx. 1/16 output in the TTL/D-TTL auto flash mode. In the Non-TTL auto flash/Auto Aperture flash modes, the SB-80DX fires at a flash output controlled by the ISO sensitivity, aperture, and zoom-head position. In the Non-TTL auto/Auto Aperture flash mode, you can check the amount of insufficient flash output by pressing the button before taking the actual picture. If the SB-80DX and the camera are not used for approx. 40 seconds, the standby function activates and automatically turns the SB-80DX off to conserve battery power (standby-off state). Wireless Flash mode, the standby function activates in approx. 40 seconds when the Speedlight is attached to the camera body. However, the standby function does not work regardless of the SB-80DX’s setting when the Speedlight is used as a slave flash unit.

Adjusting standby duration/canceling standby function using Custom settings

1 Press the SEL button for more than 2 sec. to display the Custom settings mode.
2 Press the + or - button to choose “Standby function”
3 Press the iconTELE.gif or iconWIDE.gif button to set the appropriate standby duration.
4 Press the SEL button for more than 2 sec. or press the button to return to the normal setting mode.

When attaching the SB-80DX to the camera, Turn the mounting foot lock lever securely until it stops. To lock the Speedlight in place, turn the lock lever approx. 90° clockwise until it stops. To unlock, turn the lever counterclockwise until it stops.

Warning indication: If the flash head is not adjusted to the horizontal/front position, when the power is turned on, this warning appears on the LCD panel.

headA.gif headB.gif
Far right: The under bar blinks when the flash head is tilted down -7°. Left: The flash shooting distance range disappears if the flash head is adjusted to other than the horizontal/front or down -7° position.

IF the ready-light only inside the camera’s viewfinder blinks after the power is turned on:
Setting the ISO sensitivity film speed for film-based cameras and the sensitivity for Digital SLRs cameras are generally referred to as ISO sensitivity. For cameras in Groups I and II, and Digital SLRs cameras, the ISO sensitivity is automatically set and appears on the LCD panel. For other camera bodies, set the ISO sensitivity using the following procedure.

1 Turn the SB-80DX off once by pressing the ON/OFF button, then turn it back on. After that, turn on the camera body. 2 The ISO sensitivity starts blinking on the LCD panel. No setting is possible if the SEL button is pressed to stop the ISO sensitivity from blinking. In this case, return to step 1 above. 3 Press the + or - button to increase or decrease the ISO sensitivity. 4 Press the SEL button to stop the ISO sensitivity from blinking.

Note: Digital data communication with the SB-80DX When the SB-80DX is used with cameras in Groups I and II, and Nikon Digital SLRs cameras, digital data communication is performed. The camera automatically sends the ISO sensitivity to the SB-80DX. With a CPU lens, the aperture and focal length are automatically set on the SB-80DX.

Important: Available ISO sensitivity in TTL/D-TTL auto flash operation The maximum ISO sensitivity range usable in the TTL/D-TTL auto flash mode is ISO 25 to 1000. The ISO sensitivity range may become narrower, depending on the cameras in use. The flash shooting distance range on the SB-80DX’s LCD panel varies, depending on the ISO sensitivity. Therefore, be sure to set the ISO sensitivity correctly.

Notes on setting the Speedlight ISO sensitivity In the TTL/D-TTL auto flash mode and Manual flash mode, there is no direct connection between setting the ISO sensitivity on the Speedlight and controlling the flash output level. Setting the ISO sensitivity is for correctly displaying the flash shooting distance range or the shooting distance indication on the Speedlight LCD panel. In the Non-TTL auto flash mode and Auto Aperture flash mode, the correct exposure can be obtained by setting the camera’s ISO sensitivity on the Speedlight, because the Speedlight controls the flash output. In the Auto Aperture flash mode, the ISO sensitivity is automatically transferred from the camera to the Speedlight.

Adjust the zoom-head position The zoom-head position is indicated on the LCD panel. The zoom-head position is automatically adjusted by the power zoom function or it can be manually adjusted. The guide number indicating flash output level varies according to the zoom-head position

The power zoom function When the SB-80DX is used with cameras in Groups I, II, or Nikon Digital SLRs, in combination with a CPU lens, the power zoom function activates and the zoom head is automatically adjusted. The zoom-head position is automatically adjusted within the range of 24mm, 28mm, 35mm to 105mm in increments of 5mm between 35mm and 105mm when the power zoom function is activated. Note: When the lens focal length is not one of those indicated above, the zoom head adjusts to the closest wideangle setting of the lens in use.

Setting the zoom-head position manually When the SB-80DX is used with cameras in Groups III to VII in combination with a non-CPU lens, or you want to change the zoom-head position to one that does not match the focal length, you should adjust the zoom-head position manually. To operate: Press the button to move toward iconWIDE.gif wideangle setting and the button to move toward iconTELE.gif telephoto setting. When the camera/lens combination is compatible with the power zoom function, the zoom-head position changes as follows, when a 35mm lens is attached:

M24mm -> M28mm -> 35mm -> M50mm -> M70mm -> M85mm -> M105mm Note: A small M above the “ZOOM” indication appears on the LCD panel while manually setting the zoom-head position. Generally, set the zoom-head position to the focal length of the lens in use or to the closest wideangle setting. For example, select the 50mm setting when using a 60mm lens.

Note: You can also Cancel power zoom function using Custom settings When the power zoom function is canceled in the Custom settings mode, the small M blinks and the zoom-head position indicator does not change even if the lens is zoomed, a lens is changed, or the iconONOFF.gif button is pressed. The zoom head can manually be adjusted to 24mm, 28mm, 35mm, 50mm, 70mm, 85mm, or 105mm by pressing the iconWIDE.gif (wideangle) or iconTELE.gif (telephoto) button. The zoom-head position changes as follows: 24mm -> 28mm -> 35mm -> 50mm -> 70mm -> 85mm -> 105mm
Operation in custom Setting: 1 Press the iconSEL.gif button for more than 2 sec. to display the Custom settings mode. 2 Press the iconplus.gif or iconminus.gif button to choose “Canceling the power zoom function.” 3 Press the iconWIDE.gif or iconTELE.gif button to select “ON.” 4 Press the iconSEL.gif button for more than 2 sec. or press the iconONOFF.gif button to return to the normal setting mode

Using the built-in wide-flash adapter/Nikon Diffusion Dome Use the built-in wide-flash adapter when a 14mm to 23mm lens is mounted. The power zoom function becomes inactive when using the wide-flash adapter. Press the iconTELE.gif or iconWIDE.gif button to adjust the zoom-head position to 14mm or 17mm. The zoom-head position is automatically set at 14mm when the Nikon Diffusion Dome is attached. When using a 14mm or 17mm lens or the Nikon Diffusion Dome, the distance between the camera and subject becomes increasingly pronounced from the center of the frame to the periphery, so the peripheral area might not be sufficiently lit in some cases.

Exposure mode and metering system The camera’s available exposure mode and metering system vary, depending on the cameras and lenses in use or the SB-80DX’s flash modes. In Programmed Auto (P) mode, the shutter speed is automatically set to the highest flash sync shutter speed.

Programmed AE: Set the camera’s exposure mode to Programmed Auto (P). If Programmed Auto (P) cannot be set, select another exposure mode. 2 Set the camera’s metering system to Matrix Metering. If Matrix Metering iconMATRIXsole.gif cannot be set, select Center-Weighted Metering iconCW.gif..

Using the Speedlight SB-80DX with Exposure modes other than Programmed Auto exposure (P):

In Shutter-Priority Auto exposure (S) mode
By selecting a slower shutter speed, the proper exposure for the background can be achieved. The camera selects the correct aperture. Set the shutter speed on the camera after confirming that the automatically controlled aperture will provide an appropriate shooting distance range for your subject. If you set a shutter speed faster than the flash sync speed, the camera automatically shifts to its fastest sync speed when the SB-80DX is turned on.
In Aperture-Priority Auto exposure (A) mode By selecting the aperture, you can control depth of field and the flash shooting distance range. The camera selects the correct shutter speed.
In Manual exposure (M) mode By selecting the shutter speed and aperture, you can control the exposure of the background, the depth of field, and flash shooting distance range. If you set a shutter speed faster than the flash sync speed, the camera automatically shifts to its fastest sync speed when the SB-80DX is turned on. This is true of all cameras, except mechanical shutter cameras.

Setting the SB-80DX’s flash mode

1. Press the iconMODE.gif button to set the flash mode to TTL/D-TTL auto flash.
2 Confirm that the main subject is within the flash shooting distance range.

TTL/D-TTL auto flash mode Every time you press the MODE button, the flash mode changes. In the TTL auto flash mode, the iconTTL.gif indicator appears on the LCD panel. When using Nikon Digital SLRs cameras, D-TTL auto flash is activated and iconDTTL.gif appears on the LCD panel.

illusSLRs.gif illusDIGI.gif Note that the usable flash modes only appear and vary, and the unavailable TTL/D-TTL auto flash modes will be skipped and do not appear, when pressing the MODE button. The SB-80DX’s available flash modes vary, depending on the cameras and lenses in use or the camera’s exposure mode and metering system.

About the flash shooting distance range The SB-80DX’s flash shooting distance range is 0.6m to 20m (2 to 66 ft.) and varies, also depending on the ISO sensitivity, zoom-head position and lens aperture in use.

Flash shooting distance range in the TTL/D-TTL auto flash modes

*1 With the Nikon Diffusion Dome attached and the wide-flash adapter in place
*2 With the Nikon Diffusion Dome attached
*3 With the wide-flash adapter in place
*4 TTL/D-TTL auto flash operation is not possible at this ISO sensitivity. For ISO 1000, use an aperture 2/3 of an f/stop smaller than the aperture for ISO 1600, or 1/3 larger than the aperture for ISO 800.
*5 icongray.gif Programmed TTL Auto Flash with the F-501/N2020, F-401s/N4004s, F-401/N4004, and F-301/N2000. (ISO 25 to ISO 400 for the F-401s/N4004s and F-401/N4004.)

Note: Set the camera’s flash sync mode to Front-curtain sync. Set the camera’s flash sync mode to Front-curtain sync with cameras featuring a Rear-curtain sync flash mode.

SHOOTING with the FLASH: If the ready-light blinks after shooting, the light might be insufficient. In various auto flash modes, when the flash has fired at its maximum output and underexposure may have occurred, the ready-lights on the SB-80DX and in the camera’s viewfinder blink for approx. 3 sec. Depending on the camera in use, the ready-light on the SB-80DX or in the camera’s viewfinder lights up. To compensate, use a wider aperture or move closer to the subject and re-shoot.

Display of the amount of underexposure With cameras in Group I and Nikon Digital SLRs cameras in the TTL/D-TTL auto flash mode, the amount of underexposure (0 to -3.0 EV) appears for approx. 3 sec on the SB-80DX’s LCD panel; at the same time the ready-lights blink. Pressing the iconMODE.gif and iconSEL.gif buttons simultaneously recalls this display.

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Nikon AF-TTL Speedlight Models:
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Nikon AF-TTL Speedlight DX-Series:
Nikon SB-28DX (1999)| SB-50DX (2001) | SB-80DX (2002)
Additional information on various
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Recommended links to understand more technical details related to the Nikkor F-mount and production Serial Number: by: my friend, Rick Oleson by: Hansen, Lars Holst

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W A R N I N G: The new G-SERIES Nikkor lenses have removed the conventional aperture ring on the lense barrel, they CANNOT adjust aperture(s) when operating in manual exposure control even with certain earlier MF/AF Nikon SLR camera models. But they are FULLY COMPATIBLE with the Nikon F5 featured here in all usable metering systems and/or exposure modes. Please refer to your local distributor for compatibility issue(s).

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