Modern Classic SLRs Series :
Flash Photography - Nikon SB-80DX AF-TTL Speedlight - Part IV

 
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Repeating flash mode In the Repeating Flash iconRepeat.gif mode, the SB-80DX fires repeatedly during a single exposure, creating stroboscopic multiple-exposure effects. This mode is useful when shooting fast-moving subjects. In the Repeating flash mode, use fresh or fully charged batteries. Also allow enough time for the flash to recycle between each repeating flash. In the Repeating flash mode, use a tripod to prevent camera/flash shake, because slower shutter speeds are used.

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Setting the flash output level, the frequency (Hz) (Frequency (Hz) represents the number of flashes per second.), and the number of repeating flashes per frame Frequency (Hz) represents the number of times the flash fires per second. The actual number of repeating flashes per frame becomes lower than the one set as the shutter speed increases or the number of flashes per second decreases, because the Speedlight fires during a single exposure.

Maximum number of repeating flashes per frame

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1 Set the cameras exposure mode to Manual (M). 2 Press the MODE button to set the flash mode to the iconRepeat.gif Repeating Flash mode. 3 Press the iconSEL.gif button and the flash output level starts blinking. Press the + or - button to increase or decrease the values. The flash output level blinks during adjustment and stops after 8 seconds unless an adjustment is made. The last blinking number is the one automatically set. 4 Press the SELECT button and the flash output level stops blinking. After that, the frequency starts blinking. 5 Repeat the procedures above to set the frequency and the number of repeating flashes per frame. 6 Determine the guide number according to the flash output level and zoom-head position set, then calculate the correct aperture from the guide number and the shooting distance. Finally set this aperture on the SB-80DX. If the ISO sensitivity is set correctly, the flash shooting distance appears on the LCD panel to match to the flash output level and aperture as set.

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7 Set the same aperture on the camera or lens that is set on the SB-80DX. For cameras in Groups I and II, and Digital SLRs cameras with CPU lenses, set the SB-80DXs aperture on the camera. 8 Set the shutter speed. Use the equation to determine the shutter speed and set that shutter speed or one slower.

Shutter speed = Number of flashes per frame ÷ Frequency of flashes (Hz) For example, if the number of flashes per frame is 10 and frequency is 5 Hz, divide 10 by 5 to get a shutter speed of 2 sec. or slower. Or you can set the shutter speed to B (bulb) to accommodate any number of repeating flashes.

9 Confirm that the ready-light is on, then shoot. Note: Making sure the flash fires correctly before shooting Press the iconFLASH.gif button to make sure the flash fires correctly as set. Exposure compensation in the Repeating flash mode The flash shooting distance calculated in step number 6 is the correct exposure for the first flash in the sequence. Therefore, repeating flash at this flash output level will result in overexposure of any overlapping images. To prevent this, set a smaller aperture on the camera.

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FP High-Speed Flash sync iconFP.gif Flash mode

High-speed flash synchronization at shutter speeds between 1/250 and 1/4000 sec. (1/500 and 1/16000 sec. for the D1-Series) is possible, allowing
you to use a wider aperture to achieve shallow depth of field and blur the background. Do not use the built-in wide-flash adapter or Nikon Diffusion Dome. When the wide-flash adapter is used, the zoom-head position and iconFP.gif indicator blink on the LCD panel as a warning. When you remove the SB-80DX from the camera, be sure to cancel FP flash operation so that iconFP.gif disappears. If the flash unit is removed with the FP setting, iconFP.gif blinks as a warning.

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To operate in FP Flash Mode: 1 Set the cameras exposure mode to Manual (M). 2 Press the MODE button until M appears on the LCD panel. 3 Press the + or - button until FP appears on the LCD panel.

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4.Determine the aperture and flash output level to match the main subject's shooting distance. Set the same aperture and flash output level on the SB-80DX. For cameras in Groups I and II, and Digital SLRs cameras with CPU lenses, set the SB-80DXs aperture on the camera. If ISO sensitivity is correctly set, the flash shooting distance appears on the LCD panel to match to the flash output level and aperture as set.

5 Set the same aperture on your camera or lens that is set on the SB-80DX. 6 Set the shutter speed between 1/250 and 1/4000 sec. (between 1/500 and 1/16000 sec. for the D1-Series). Setting a shutter speed slower than 1/250 sec. is not recommended. The faster the shutter speed, the smaller the flash output (guide number).

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7 Confirm that the ready-light is on, then shoot.
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Notes on continuous flash shooting Maximum number of continuous firings It is recommended to allow the SB-80DX to cool off for at least 10 minutes after the maximum number of continuous firings as shown in this table:

Synchronization during continuous flash shooting It is possible to take up to the number of frames during continuous shooting as shown in the table below. However, if the continuous firings exceed the maximum numbers as shown in the table above, you should allow the SB-80DX to cool off for at least 10 minutes.
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Maximum number of frames during continuous flash shooting (at six frames per sec.)

* With fresh batteries of the same type in both the SB-80DX and optional Nikon SD-8A or Power Bracket Unit SK-6A.

Checking the correct exposure before shooting You can determine whether the subject will receive the correct exposure by test firing the SB-80DX before actually taking the picture.

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TTL auto flash mode Press the SB-80DXs MODE button until A (Non-TTL auto flash) appears on the LCD panel. Set the same aperture on the SB-80DX as set in the TTL auto flash mode. Press the button to fire the flash. If the ready-light blinks after firing, this indicates the light may have been insufficient for correct exposure. In this case, set a wider aperture on the camera or lens, or move closer to the subject.
D-TTL auto flash mode Press the SB-80DXs MODE button until AA (Auto Aperture flash) appears on the LCD panel. Set the same aperture on the SB-80DX as set in the D-TTL auto flash mode. Press the iconFLASH.gif button to fire the flash. If the ready-light blinks after firing, this indicates the light may have been insufficient for correct exposure. In this case, set a wider aperture on the camera or lens, or move closer to the subject.
Non-TTL auto flash mode Make the necessary settings on the SB-80DX and camera, and press the iconFLASH.gif button. If the ready-light blinks after firing, this indicates the light may have been insufficient for correct exposure. In this case, set a wider aperture on the camera or lens, or move closer to the subject.
Auto Aperture flash mode Make the necessary settings on the SB-80DX and camera, and press the shutter release button slightly, then press the iconFLASH.gif button. If the ready-light blinks after firing, this indicates the light may have been insufficient for correct exposure. In this case, set a wider aperture on the camera or lens, or move closer to the subject.
Manual flash mode In manual flash mode, checking the correct exposure cannot be performed by test firing. Calculate the correct flash output level, aperture, and flash shooting distance by referring to Determining the aperture and flash output level in the Manual mode.

Exposure compensation and flash output level Exposure compensation allows you to take well-balanced pictures by intentionally modifying the correct exposure when a subject of extremely high or low reflectivity is included in a picture or when you want to create flash photographs to match your creative preferences. Some plus compensation may be necessary when the background includes a mirror, white wall, or other highly reflective surface.

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Likewise, some minus compensation may be required when the background is dark or includes subjects of low reflectivity. Making exposure compensation for both the main subject and background or the main subject without affecting the background are possible, depending on the flash shooting situations. Exposure compensation on the SB-80DX can be performed in the following ways:

Making exposure compensation for both the main subject and background In TTL/D-TTL auto flash and Auto Aperture flash Use the cameras exposure compensation function to modify both the SB-80DXs flash output level and the background exposure. The exposure compensation value set on the camera is not displayed on the SB-80DXs LCD panel. Exposure compensation beyond the usable ISO sensitivity range cannot be performed. For example, with an ISO sensitivity of 100, if you try to make an exposure compensation of +3 steps on the camera (equivalent to ISO 12), which is out of the usable ISO sensitivity range (ISO 25-1000) of the SB-80DX. However, exposure compensation up to +2 steps (equivalent to ISO 25) is possible.

Making exposure compensation in the Non-TTL auto flash and Manual flash mode Exposure compensation is performed by intentionally modifying the correct aperture. In the Non-TTL auto flash mode, the correct exposure can be obtained when the same aperture is set on the camera as that set on the SB-80DX. Therefore, to make exposure compensation, vary the aperture set on the camera while retaining the aperture set on the SB-80DX or vice versa. min the Manual flash mode, calculate the proper aperture for the correct exposure from the guide number and the shooting distance. Then referring to this aperture, modify the aperture on the camera to make exposure compensation. As a basic guide, set a wider aperture on the camera or lens to make the subject brighter or a smaller aperture to make it darker.

Making exposure compensation for the main subject only In TTL/D-TTL auto flash and Auto Aperture flash Making exposure compensation for a flash illuminated subject without affecting the background exposure is called flash output level compensation. This compensation is performed with cameras in Groups I to III and Digital SLRs cameras.

In Manual flash mode Making exposure compensation for only the flash illuminated subject by intentionally modifying the SB-80DXs flash output level (M1/1 to M1/128). For cameras in all groups.

Making exposure compensation for the background only Set the cameras exposure mode to Shutter-Priority Auto (S) or Manual (M), and set the shutter speed to one slower than its flash sync shutter speed. With cameras providing slow-sync, set the cameras flash sync mode to Slow sync to bring out background details in low-light situations.

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Flash output level compensation

Make exposure compensation for a flash illuminated subject without affecting the background exposure by modifying the SB-80DXs flash output level. Available in the TTL/D-TTL auto flash and Auto Aperture flash modes. With cameras in Group III, make flash output level compensation on the camera. Flash output level compensation cannot be made on the SB-80DX. The amount of compensation set on the camera does not appear on the SB-80DXs LCD panel.

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Operation: 1 Press the iconSEL.gif button, or the iconplus.gif or iconminus.gif button, to display the Exposure compensation indicator, and the Flash output level compensation value starts blinking. 2 Press the iconplus.gif or iconminus.gif button to increase or decrease the compensation in 1/3 steps (or in 1/6 steps with Digital SLRs) from -3.0 to +3.0 EV. 3 Press the iconSEL.gif button and the flash output level compensation value stops blinking. The flash output level blinks during adjustment and stops after 8 seconds unless an adjustment is made. The last blinking number is the one automatically set.

Note: With F80-Series/N80-Series, F70-Series/N70, and Pronea 600i/6i cameras having an exposure compensation function, you can compensate the flash output level on either the camera or SB-80DX. For details, see your cameras instruction manual. If you use both controls, the exposure is modified by the sum total of both compensation values. In this case, the SB-80DXs LCD panel shows only the compensation value set on the SB-80DX.

Canceling flash output level compensation The flash output level compensation cannot be canceled by turning the SB-80DX off. To cancel, press the iconplus.gif or iconminus.gif button to set the compensation value back to 0.0 and make sure the exposure compensation indicator disappears.

The flash shooting distance range with zoom lenses having a variable aperture With zoom lenses having a variable aperture, take note of the following before setting the aperture on the SB-80DX and confirming the flash shooting distance range.
Lenses having a variable aperture There are two maximum aperture values indicated in the lens model name. For example with the AF Zoom-Nikkor 28-105mm f/3.5-4.5D IF, the maximum aperture at 28mm is f/3.5, but decreases to f/4.5 at 105mm.
Reading the aperture on the cameras LCD panel or in the viewfinder After composing the picture by zooming in or out, read the aperture on the cameras LCD panel or in the viewfinder. Then set the same aperture on the SB-80DXs LCD panel and confirm the flash shooting distance range. Aperture values are automatically compensated by the camera and appear on the cameras LCD panel or in the viewfinder. The aperture value displayed in the aperture-direct-readout scale as seen in the viewfinder of the Nikon F5 or other cameras is fixed and not automatically compensated.
Reading the aperture using the scale on the lens After zooming in or out to select the appropriate composition, read the aperture using the aperture scale on the lens. Then set the same the SB-80DXs LCD panel and confirm the flash shooting distance range. At wideangle zoom settings, read the aperture value at the green index (or line). At telephoto settings, read the aperture value at the yellow index (or dot). At intermediate settings, read the aperture value between the two indexes.
Reading the aperture using the cameras aperture dial
After zooming in/out to select the desired composition, read the aperture using the cameras aperture dial. Then set the same aperture on the SB-80DXs LCD panel and confirm the flash shooting distance range. Set the cameras exposure mode to Aperture-Priority Auto (A) or Manual (M). The aperture value set on the lens cannot be confirmed in the Programmed Auto (P) or Shutter-Priority Auto (S) exposure mode. For cameras having TTL metering, the aperture on zoom lenses is automatically compensated by the camera. In case of setting a larger or smaller value than the lens aperture on the cameras aperture dial, set the lens maximum or minimum aperture on the SB-80DX.

Slow-sync flash mode/Red-Eye reduction control

Slow-sync flash The flash is controlled at a slow shutter speed to obtain the correct exposure for both the main subject and background in low-light situations or at night. Available with cameras providing slow-sync. You cannot set the slow-sync function on the SB-80DX directly. Set it on the camera. Since slow shutter speeds are usually used, use a tripod to prevent camera shake.

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Red-Eye reduction To prevent the center of your subject's eyes from appearing red in color pictures, the SB-80DXs Red-Eye reduction lamp lights up for approx. 1 sec. before the picture is taken. Available with cameras having Red-Eye reduction control. You cannot set redeye reduction on the SB-80DX directly. Set it on the camera. After setting your camera to Red-Eye reduction, make sure that iconRedEye.gif appears on the SB-80DXs LCD panel.

Red-Eye reduction with slow-sync flash mode min this mode, Red-Eye reduction is combined with slow sync. Available with cameras having Red-Eye reduction with slow-sync. You cannot set this mode on the SB-80DX directly. Set it on the camera. After setting your camera to Red-Eye reduction with slow sync, make sure that iconRedEye.gif appears on the SB-80DXs LCD panel. Since slow shutter speeds are usually used, use a tripod to prevent camera shake.

Rear-curtain sync & Modeling illumination

Rear-curtain sync In normal flash synchronization, when shooting fast-moving subjects at slow shutter speeds, this usually results in unnatural-looking pictures where the subject frozen by the flash appears behind or within the blurred movement. Rear-curtain flash sync creates a picture in which the blur of a moving subject (for example, the taillights of a car) appears behind the subject and not in front. Available with cameras providing rear-curtain sync. You cannot set this mode on the SB-80DX directly. Set it on the camera. Since slow shutter speeds are usually used, use a tripod to prevent camera shake. This function does not operate in either the FP High-Speed flash sync or Repeating flash mode. In multiple flash, the master flash unit can be set to either front-curtain or rear-curtain sync flash. Note: The slave units cannot be set to rear-curtain sync flash.

Modeling illumination - Applicable to ALL Nikon cameras. Press the Modeling illuminator button and the modeling illuminator lights up (or the flash fires) repeatedly at a reduced flash output level. This is useful for checking the illumination and the shadows cast on the subject before actually taking the picture. The modeling illuminator lights up for a maximum of approx. 3 sec. while the modeling illuminator button is pressed. The modeling illuminator can be set to operate only after the ready-light comes on. The modeling illuminator will not light up in the wireless slave flash mode

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Autofocus flash operation in dim light

When the light is too dim for normal autofocus operation, the SB-80DXs AF-Assist Illuminator enables you to perform autofocus flash photography in dim light. In dim light, the AF-assist illuminator turns on automatically when the cameras shutter release button is lightly pressed if an AF lens is mounted and the cameras focus mode is set to S (Single Servo AF with focus priority), AF, or A. The effective shooting distance with the AF-assist illuminator is approx. 1m to 10m with a 50mm f/1.8 lens or shorter, depending on the lens in use. Usable lens focal length: 24mm to 105mm (35 to 105mm for F-501/N2020 cameras).

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The AF-Assist Illuminator is activated when iconAFILL.gif appears on the LCD panel.
The AF-Assist Illuminator is canceled when iconAFILL-no.gif appears on the LCD panel.
The AF-Assist Illuminator is set to activate when shipped from the factory.


Note: If the focus indicator does not appear in the cameras viewfinder even through the AF-Assist Illuminator turns on, focus manually. The AF-Assist Illuminator will not light up, if: a. The autofocus is locked or the ready-light does not come on. .The cameras center focus area is not selected with cameras having Focus Area selection.

For cameras having a built-in Speedlight Even when the cameras AF-Assist Illuminator is set to activate, the SB-80DXs AF-Assist Illuminator is given priority and the cameras AF-Assist illuminator does not light up. (The cameras AF-Assist Illuminator lights up when the SB-80DXs AF-Assist Illuminator is canceled.). With F60-Series/N60 cameras, the AF-Assist Illuminator lights up while shooting at full output manual. With F80-Series/N80-Series, and F65-Series/N65-Series cameras, the cameras AF-Assist Illuminator lights up when the SB-80DXs AF-Assist illuminator is canceled. To cancel the cameras AF-Assist Illuminator, cancel it on the camera.

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Activating and canceling the AF-Assist illuminator using Custom settings 1 Press the iconSEL.gif button for more than 2 sec. to display the Custom settings mode. 2 Press the iconplus.gif or iconminus.gif button to choose AF-Assist illuminator. 3 Press the iconWIDE.gif or iconTELE.gif button to activate or cancel the AF-Assist Illuminator: iconAFILL.gif : Activate iconAFILL-no.gif: Cancel 4 Press the iconSEL.gif button for more than 2 sec. or press the iconONOFF.gif button to return to the normal setting mode. When the AF-Assist Illuminator is canceled, autofocus operation may not be performed in dim light.
Note: When the AF-Assist Illuminator is canceled, autofocus operation may not be performed in dim light.

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Relative:
Nikon AF-TTL Speedlight Models:
Nikon SB-800 | Nikon SB-600 | Nikon SB-30 | Nikon SB-29(s) (2000) | Nikon SB-28 (1997) | Nikon SB-27 (1997) | Nikon SB-26 (1994) | Nikon SB-25 (1992) | Nikon SB-24 (1988) | SB-23 | SB-22 (1987) | SB-20 (1986)
Nikon AF-TTL Speedlight DX-Series:
Nikon SB-28DX (1999)| SB-50DX (2001) | SB-80DX (2002)
Additional information on various
Nikon MF Bulb Flash - Nikon MF-Speedlights SB-1 ~ SB-21A/B

| Back | Main Index Page - Nikon F5 Professional SLR camera

The Camera - Background, Issues & Summary

Basic Features | Focusing | Metering Systems | Exposure Control | Reliability Issues | Nikkor lens Compatibility

Prisms
/Finders -
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Film Backs:
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Index Page - 3 parts
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Macro Photography - Related info on Micro-Nikkor lenses

Technical
Specification for Nikon F5
Main Reference Map / Nomenclature

Resource Centre
: Instruction Manuals
Nikon F5 Camera Body - 18 parts
MF-28 Multi-Function Back HTML - 8 parts
PC Links - Photo Secretary - 2 parts
AF-TTL Speedlights: SB-28 / SB28DX | SB29(s) info | SB30 | SB50DX | SB80DX | SB600 info | SB800

Variants:
F5 50th Anniversary Model | Nikon/Kodak DCS-620 | DCS-720 Digital Still SLR camera

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The Eyes of Nikon:-

Nikon Auto Focus Nikkor lenses:- Main Index Page
Nikon Manual Focus Nikkor lenses:- Fisheye-Nikkor Lenses - Circular | Full Frame | Ultrawides Lenses - 13mm15mm18mm20mm | Wideangle Lenses - 24mm28mm35mm | Standard Lenses - 45mm 50mm 58mm | Telephoto Lenses - 85mm105mm135mm180mm & 200mm | Super-Telephoto Lenses - 300mm 400mm 500mm 600mm 800mm 1200mm |

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Index Page
  Special Application lenses:
Micro-Nikkor Lenses - 50mm~55mm -60mm 85mm -105mm 200mm Micro-Zoom 70-180mm
Perspective Control (PC) - 28mm 35mm PC-Micro 85mm
Dedicated Lenses for Nikon F3AF: AF 80mm f/2.8 | AF 200mm f/3.5 EDIF
Depth of Field Control (DC): 105mm 135mm
Medical Nikkor: 120mm 200mm
Reflex-Nikkor Lenses - 500mm 1000mm 2000mm
Others: Noct Nikkor | OP-Nikkor | UV Nikkor 55mm 105mm | Focusing Units | Bellows-Nikkor 105mm 135mm
Nikon Series E Lenses: 28mm35mm50mm100mm135mm | E-Series Zoom lenses: 36~72mm75~150mm70~210mm


MF Zoom-Nikkor Lenses: 25~50mm | 28~45mm | 28~50mm | 28~85mm | 35~70mm | 36~72mm E | 35~85mm | 35~105mm | 35~135mm | 35~200mm | 43~86mm | 50~135mm | 50~300mm | 70~210mm E | 75~150mm E | 80~200mm | 85~250mm | 100~300mm | 180~600mm | 200~400mm | 200~600mm | 360~1200mm | 1200~1700mm

Tele-Converters: TC-1 | TC-2 | TC-200 | TC-201 | TC-300 | TC-301 | TC-14 | TC-14A | TC-14B | TC-14C | TC-14E | TC-16 | TC-16A | TC-20E

Recommended links to understand more technical details related to the Nikkor F-mount and production Serial Number:
http://rick_oleson.tripod.com/index-153.html by: my friend, Rick Oleson
http://www.zi.ku.dk/personal/lhhansen/photo/fmount.htm by: Hansen, Lars Holst
http://www.mir.com.my/rb/photography/hardwares/nikonfmount/lens2.htm
http://www.photosynthesis.co.nz/nikon/serialno.html

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